Rufus comes from an Ancient Roman cognomen meaning “red, ruddy, red-haired”, originally a nickname for someone who had red hair. It comes from Latin rufus derived from the Proto-Indo-European root word *h₁rewdʰ- (red). Rufus is also a surname originating from the given name.
- Rufinus (Ancient Roman)
- Rufino (Italian, Spanish, Portuguese)
- Rufius (Ancient Roman)
- Rufio (Ancient Roman)
- Rufina (Ancient Roman, Spanish, Russian)
- Rufia (English)