Mark is the English form of Marcus, an Ancient Roman name which seems to be derived from Mars, the Roman god of war (the Roman counterpart to the Greek god Ares). Mars is a name of uncertain etymology and meaning though it could possibly be related to Latin mas meaning “male” though it might also be from Latin marcus meaning “large hammer”.
However, it’s possible that Mars is related to a much older source, perhaps from Etruscan Maris (the god of fertility and agriculture), his name of unknown meaning. Mars could also be a contracted form of an older name, Mavors, a cognate of Oscan Mamers, which could possibly be related to Latin mah or margh (to cut) and vor (to turn) essentially meaning “turner of the battle”. Mars could also be derived from the same Proto-Indian-European root as Sanskrit marici meaning “ray of light”, or Proto-Indian-European mer meaning “to die”. It could also be associated with Latin marceo meaning “to (cause to) wither” and “to (make) shrivel” and Latin marcus meaning “hammer”, which would make sense since Mars is the god of war.
Mark is also a surname derived from the given name, though it may also ve derived from Proto-Germanic *markō (boundary, border) from Proto-Indo-European *marǵ- (boundary, border).
Origin: Latin, Proto-Indo-European
- Marcus (Ancient Roman, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish)
- Markus (Swedish, German, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish)
- Marc (French, Catalan, Welsh)
- Marko (Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Finnish, Basque)
- Marco (Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Dutch)
- Markos (Ancient Greek)
- Markku (Finnish)
- Margh (Cornish)
- Marek (Czech, Polish, Slovak)
- Maleko (Hawaiian)
- Márk (Hungarian)
- Marcas (Irish, Scottish)
- Markuss (Latvian)