Alba is a female given name which has a few different meanings and etymologies:

  • it’s a feminine form of Albus, an Ancient Roman cognomen meaning “white, bright”. The name may be derived from Latin albus meaning “white, bright, clear” from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elbʰós (white);
  • Alba may also be derived from Germanic element alb meaning “elf” from Proto-Germanic *albiz (elf, fairy) which ultimately derives from the same Proto-Indo-European root word as *h₂elbʰós (white);
  • Alba is the Scottish Gaelic name for Scotland, derived from Proto-Celtic *albiyo meaning “white; upper world” as opposed to the underworld which also comes from the same Proto-Indo-European root word as above; Alba Longa was the name of an ancient Roman city in central Italy;
  • it’s also the Spanish, Italian, and Catalan word for “dawn”.

Alba is also a Spanish, Italian, and Romanian surname derived from the given name.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European



  • Elba (Spanish)
  • Elva (Danish, Icelandic)
  • Elfa (Icelandic)
  • Alva (Swedish, Norwegian)
  • Albina (Ancient Roman, Russian, Ukrainian, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Slovene, Polish, German, Lithuanian)
  • Albína (Czech, Slovak)
  • Albine (French)


Male forms:

  • Albus (Ancient Roman)
  • Albinus (Ancient Roman)
  • Albino (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)
  • Albin (Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Polish, French, Slovene, English)
  • Aubin (French)


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