Artigal

Artigal is a very unusual name. From what I could find, it could be a variant spelling of Artegal, itself an anglicized form of Ardghal, an Irish male name meaning “high valor” from Old Irish ard (high) from Proto-Celtic *ardwos derived from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erHdʰ- (high; to grow); and gal (valor, fury) via Proto-Celtic *galā (might, ability). Artegal (Arthegall) is also the name of a knight who embodied justice in Edmund Spenser’s The Faerie Queen( 1590-1596), who may have based his name on Ardghal or as a variant of Arthur.

Artigal may also be derived from Old Irish Artgal meaning “bear-fury” or “bear ardor”, essentially referring to someone who was as fierce as a bear. Also spelled Arthal, Arthgal. Artigal is also a surname though its exact origins are murky. I’ve also seen it listed as both a Spanish name and a French surname but I couldn’t find anything else behind the surname. However, I’m fairly certain that the first part of the name does relate to Celtic *artos meaning “bear” from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos (bear).

Origin: Proto-Indo-European, Proto-Celtic

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Variants:

  • Artegal
  • Ardghal (Irish)
  • Artgal (Old Irish)
  • Árdal (Irish)
  • Arthal (Irish)
  • Arthgal (Irish)

 

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