Iris

Iris is the name of the Greek goddess of the rainbow and a messanger of the gods. Her name means “rainbow” in Greek derived from PIE root word *weh₁y- (to twist, wind, weave, plait; to wrap, enclose cover). Iris also refers to a genus of flowers which comes from the Greek word for rainbow, as well as a color name referring to shades ranging from blue-violet to violet. An iris is also a term used to describe the colored portion of the eye, responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupil and the amount of light reaching the retina (which also comes from Greek).

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

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Variants:

  • Iiris (Finnish)
  • Irida (Greek)
  • Íris (Portuguese, Icelandic)
  • Irisa (Latvian, Albanian)

 

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