Briseis is the name of a character in the Iliad, who was captured by Greek forces and became Achilles’s slave and concubine. Her real name was Hippodameia though she was known as Briseis because her father’s name was Briseus, a sort of patronymic name giving her as the daughter of Briseus. When Agamemnon was forced to give up his own concubine Chryseis he demanded Briseis from Achilles, which caused Achilles to withdraw from the battle until the death of Patrocles. The name is of unknown meaning though it could be related to Greek britho meaning “to be weighed down (with something) and “to prevail”.
Origin: Ancient Greek
- Briseida (medieval English form)
- Briséïs (French)