Athena is the name of the Greek goddess of wisdom and strategic warfare, as well as crafting, weaving, pottery, and heroic endeavor, as well as the patron of several towns, particularly Athens. Athena was the daughter of Zeus and the Titaness Metis. There was a prophecy that any son Zeus would have with Metis would be more powerful than him who would eventually overthrow him. In an effort to thwart the prophecy Zeus swallowed her whole. Afterwards, he had a raging headache, like a hammering from within his head, and called Hephaestus who split open his head and out came Athena, fully armed and armored. She is often described as gray-eyed and is often associated with the olive tree and the owl. Her Roman counterpart is Minerva. As for the meaning of the name, it’s unknown, likely pre-Greek in origin though there have been attempts to link it to Ancient Greek theos (divine; god, deity) and noesis (intelligence, understanding), though that seems to be more of a stretch.
- Athina (Greek)
- Athene (Ancient Greek)
- Athenais (Ancient Greek)
- Athénaïs (French)
- Athens (Ancient Greek, Greek, English)