Holland is the name of a region in the Netherlands divided into two provinces, North Holland and South Holland, which comes from Old Dutch holt lant meaning “wood land”. There seems to be a popular folk etymology that the name comes from hol lant meaning “hollow land” in reference to its low-lying geography, but that seems to be false. Holland is the name of several towns and villages in England though in their case the name is made up from Old English elements hoh (ridge, spur) and land (land). As a surname, Holland is derived from either source above, originating as a locational name for someone who came from there. As an Irish surname it’s also an anglicized form of Gaelic surname Ó hÓileáin which seems to derive from Faolán, an Irish male name meaning “little wolf”.