Pyrrhos is another name attributed to Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles and Deidamia, so named because his father had been disguised as a girl under the name Pyrrha to prevent him from joining the Trojan War. The name means “flame-colored; yellowish-red; fiery; red” via Ancient Greek pûr πῦρ (fire) derived from PIE root word. In Greek mythology, Achilles hid as a woman at the court of Lycomedes (or his mother Thetis hid him there) to prevent him from joining the Trojan war. Since the war could not be won without the aid of Achilles, Odysseus disguised himself as a peddler selling women’s jewelry and clothes along with a spear and a shield. When Achilles picked up the weapons of war, that’s how Odyseeus picked him out. Another version of the tale goes that Odysseus arranged for an alarm to be sounded, so when the women fled in panic and Achilles stayed behind to fight, he was found out. He took the name Pyrrha when he was hiding out; his son Neoptolemus by Deidamia, a daughter of Lycomedes, was also called Pyrrhos, likely after his father’s alter ego.
- Pyrrhus (Latinized Ancient Greek)
- Pyrros (English)
- Pyrrha (Ancient Greek)
- Pyrra (English)