Susa is the name of an ancient city in the Middle East (also known as Shush and Shushan), which was ruled by the Elamites, a pre-Iranian civilization that ruled across much of what is present day Iran. Susa derives its name from a local god, Inshushinak, the god of darkness and the afterlife; his name may mean “lord of Susa”, reflecting his position as a patron deity of the city. I could not find a particular meaning behind the name Susa.
Susa could also be used as a diminutive form of Susannah or Susan (meaning “lily; it also means “rose” in modern Hebrew. It may ultimately be derived from Egyptian sšn meaning “lotus”), or as a diminutive form of Jésusa, the Spanish feminine form of Jésus which comes from Hebrew Jesus, itself the Greek form of Aramaic Yeshu’a, a contracted form of Yehoshu’a (Joshua) meaning “Yahweh is salvation”.
Susa is also a Hungarian name, a matronymic surname derived from Zsuzsu, a nickname for Zsuzsanna, which comes from the name Susannah; as a Slovenian surname, it could be derived from suša meaning “scraggy, scrawny fellow” though it’s also a Slovenian word meaning “drought” as well.
Susa is also a Japanese surname with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used as well as the name of several places in Japan.
- 諏佐 (consult + assistant, help);
- 諏作 (consult + make; production; prepare; build)
- 諏訪 (consult + call on; visit; look up; offer sympathy)
Written in hiragana it’s すさ. Susa could also be short for Susanoo, the name of the Japanese god of the seas and storm, the brother of Amaterasu (the sun goddess) and Tsukuyomi (the god of the moon).
Origin: Sumerian, Egyptian, Hebrew, Japanese