Lubna is an Arabic female name meaning “storax (tree)” in Arabic, storax being a type of tree from which a liquid balsam could be obtained from it, used in perfumes and medicine. There’s a 7th century Arabic love story of Qays and Lubna. They grew up in the same tribe and Qays loved Lubna but her father refused to allow him to marry her and she was soon married off to another man. Qays grew crazy with his unobtainable love and he left his tribe and began wandering around in the desert, reciting poetry to himself or writing poetry in the sand with a stick. Lubna died of an illness soon after her marriage and he was later found dead at the grave of an unknown woman where he had graved three verses of poetry on a nearby rock. There are other versions of the story.
Libelle is the German and Dutch word for “dragonfly” as well as the French word (spelled libellé) meaning “wording”; it was used to refer to a type of political pamphlet or book in which it attacked important figures using slander, whether they were real or not, which is where the English word libel comes form. Libelle derive from Latin libellus, a diminutive of liber (book) so essentially meaning “little book”.
Origin: German, Dutch, Latin
Lavinia is the name of the second wife of Aeneas in Roman mythology, the daughter of King Latinus and the namesake of the town Lavinium though it might be the other way around, that she derived her name from the town. The etymology behind the name is unknown, most likely an Etruscan name whose meaning was lost to time. In Titus Andronicus (1588-1593) Lavinia is the daughter of Titus Andronicus who is raped, has her tongue and hands cut off, and is later killed by her father.
Origin: Latin, Etruscan
- Lavínia (Portuguese, Catalan)
Lucky is an English word referring to something or someone having or is marked by good luck or someone or something that is fortunate, and often used as a nickname for someone who is lucky though it could also be used as a given name. Lucky is also a surname derived from the given name Luke/Lucas, the English form of Greek Loukas meaning “from Lucania”, the name of a region in southern Italy. Though the name is of uncertain meaning, Lucania could be related to Greek leukos “white”, “light, bright, shining”, a cognate of Latin lux “light”. It could also be derived from the Latin word lucus (a cognate of lucere “shining, bright”) meaning “sacred wood” or Greek lykos meaning “wolf”.
Origin: Greek, Latin
Lyonesse is the name of a country in Arthurian legend bordering Cornwall, the home of Tristan whose father was its king, as well as also being the site of the final battle between King Arthur and Mordred. It was said to have sunk beneath the waters. It’s also the name of an Arthurian character, Lyonesse, the sister of Lynette, in the story of Gareth and Lynette. Lyonesse does sound like a variant spelling of Lioness, the name of a female lion, though I’ve also seen it listed as being the English form of French of Léoneis or Léonois, the French form of Lodonesia which is the Latin name for Lothian, a region in Scotland. The etymology of Lothian is unknown.
Linus is the name of 2 sons of the Greek god Apollo in Greek mythology by different mothers. One of them, whom he fathered with one of the Muses, was a great musician who invented the melody and rhythm. His name comes Greek linos meaning “flax”.
- Linos (Ancient Greek, Greek)
- Lino (Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Galician)
- Linas (Lithuanian)
Lilith comes from Akkadian lilitu or lilatu meaning “night”, which seems to have been used to refer to a type of female demon in Assyrian and Sumerian myth known as lilitu or lili (a male demon would be lilu) who sedeuce and sleep with humans. According to Jewish tradition, Lilith is the first woman ever created, Adam’s first wife, before she was thrown out of Eden and replaced with Eve because she refused to submit to Adam; apparently she became the first demon. The name comes Hebrew and Arabic lail also meaning “night”. Another possible meaning is that it comes from Sumerian lil meaning “air”.
Origin: Akkadian, Sumerian, Hebrew, Arabic
- Lilit (Armenian,
- Lilitu (Akkadian, Sumerian)
- Lilita (Latvian)
Lana is an Arabic female name deriving from a root word meaning “soft, tender, gentle”. It’s also a short form of names like Svetlana, a Slavic female name meaning “light” from Slavic svet (light), or Alana, feminine form of Alan, a Celtic name of uncertain etymology though it’s been linked to meaning either “little rock” or “handsome” though it might also be related to Alaunus, a Gaulish god of healing and prophecy whose name could be related to Proto-Celtic *al(aun) meaning “nourishing” or *alo meaning “feed, raise, nurture” or possibly meaning “shining one”.
Lana is also a Hawaiian name meaning “calm as still waters” or “afloat”.
Origin: Arabic, Slavic, Celtic, Hawaiian
Latham comes from an English surname meaning “(place of or by) the barns” derived from Old Norse hlatha (barn). It was a habitational place name referring to someone who originally came from a town called Latham.
Origin: Old Norse
- Laytham (English)
- Lathom (English)
Leatrice seems to be a combination of two names, Leah (a Hebrew female name possibly meaning “weary, languid, tired” though it’s also been associated with the meaning of “cow”. It might also be related to an Akkadian word meaning “mistress”); and Beatrice, the Italian form of Beatrix which means ‘”happy” or “blessed” from Latin beatus, taking on the meaning of “she who makes happy” or it could be a variant form of Viatrix, also from Latin meaning “female traveler/voyager”. It’s just as likely that Leatrice is a variant spelling of Liatris, the name of a genus of flowers also known as blazing star and gayfeather, native to North America (including Mexico and the Bahamas). I couldn’t find anything behind the name.
Origin: Hebrew, Akkadian, Latin