Lyonesse is the name of a country in Arthurian legend bordering Cornwall, the home of Tristan whose father was its king, as well as also being the site of the final battle between King Arthur and Mordred. It was said to have sunk beneath the waters. It’s also the name of an Arthurian character, Lyonesse, the sister of Lynette, in the story of Gareth and Lynette. Lyonesse does sound like a variant spelling of Lioness, the name of a female lion, though I’ve also seen it listed as being the English form of French of Léoneis or Léonois, the French form of Lodonesia which is the Latin name for Lothian, a region in Scotland. The etymology of Lothian is unknown.
Apollo is the Greek god of prophecy, medicine, the sun, light, music, poetry, plague and disease, and one of the most important gods in both the Greek and Roman pantheon. He is the twin brother of Artemis and often associated with the sun (and Artemis the moon), and the son of Zeus and Leto. His name is of uncertain etymology and meaning though the ancient Greeks often associated it with the Greek apollymi meaning “to destroy”. It’s also been associated with Doric apella “wall”, later referring to an assembly. Other possible theories regarding the name link it to Indo-European apelo “strength”, Greek apolusis “to redeem”, apolousis “purification”, apoloúōn “washing”, apolúōn “delivering”, aploun “simple”, and aei bállōn “always shooting (arrows)”. However, it seems more likely that Apollo is pre-Greek in origin, perhaps related to Appaliunas, an Anatolian god whose name possibly means “father light” or “father lion”, though it could also be related to the name of a Hittite god related to Aplu, a Hurrian and Hittite god of plague and healing; the name might be derived from Akkadian Aplu Enlil meaning “the son of Enlil”, a title given to the Mesopotamian god Nergal (who was the god of war, pestilence, and death), though I’ve also seen it listed as meaning “father light” or “father lion”. Appaliunas might also have a Luwian etymology (Luwian being an ancient language related to Anatolian and closely related to Hittite) from *appal- meaning “trap, snare, pitfall, ambush”.
Origin: Indo-European, Greek, Akkadian
- Apollon (Ancient Greek)
- Apollinaris (Ancient Greek)
- Apollonios (Ancient Greek)
- Apollinaire (French)
- Apolinary (Polish)
- Apolinar (Spanish)
- Apollodorus (Ancient Greek)
- Apollodoros (Ancient Greek)
- Apollonia (Ancient Greek, Italian)
- Apollodora (Ancient Greek)
- Apolena (Slovak, Czech)
- Apolonia (Spanish, Polish)
- Apolline (French)
Haroun is the Arabic form of Aaron, possibly meaning “high mountain”, “bright” or “exalted”, though the etymology behind the name is uncertain. It seems more likely that it comes from an Egyptian origin whose meaning has long since been lost. However, according to Wiktionary, it’s likely related to an Ancient Egyptian aha rw meaning “warrior lion” although considering it’s the only source I’ve found that lists it so, I don’t know how accurate that is. In fact I’m almost positive it’s not an accurate etymology, but it would be so cool if it were. Haroun is also a surname deriving from the given name.
Origin: Hebrew, Ancient Egyptian
- Harun (Arabic, Turkish, Bosnian)
- Haroon (Urdu, Arabic)
- Aaron (English, Hebrew)
- Arron (English)
- Aaren (English)
- Aerin (English)
- Aron (Polish, Croatian, Scandinavian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic)
- Aarón (Spanish)
- Áron (Hungarian)
Arioch is a Hebrew male name meaning “fierce lion” or “lion-like”.
Laith is an Arabic male name meaning “lion”. It’s pronounced the same as Leith, a name I already profiled. It’s also a surname derived from the given name
Levon is the Armenian form of Leon, a Greek male name meaning “lion”. It’s also a surname derived from the given name.
Origin: Ancient Greek
- Leon (English, German, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Dutch, Ancient Greek)
- Leontios (Ancient Greek)
- Leontius (Latinized Ancient Greek)
- Leo (Latin, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Croatian)
Meaning: Leola is the feminine form of Leo, a Latin name meaning “lion”.
- Leo (German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, English, Croatian, Late Roman)
Origin: Latin, Germanic
Meaning: Leo comes from Latin word leo meaning “lion”. It’s a constellation representing to the Ancient Greeks the Nemean lion killed by the Greek demigod and hero Herakles (Hercules) as one of his twelve labors.
Leo is also one of the signs of the Zodiac, belonging to those born between July 22nd to August 23rd. Apparently those born under this sign are stubborn, loyal and trustworthy, assured, confident and ambitious, but prone to arrogance, jealousy and bossiness.
Leo is also a nickname for names like Leopold, a Germanic name meaning “bold people” from elements leud (people) and bald (bold), the first part of the name deliberately changed to resemble leo; and Leonard meaning “brave lion” from Germanic levon (lion) and hard (brave, hardy).
- Leon (Greek, Ancient Greek, English, German, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Dutch)
- Leontios (Ancient Greek)
- Leontius (Ancient Greek, Latin)
- Levon (Armenian)
- Leoš (Czech)
- Léo (French)
- Léon (French)
- Léonce (French form of Leontios)
- Lionel (French diminutive of Léon; English)
- Levan (Georgian)
- Leone (Italian)
- Leonzio (Italian form of Leontios)
- Leonas (Lithuanian)
- Lef (Polish cognate of Lev)
- Lev (Russian)
- Leonti (Russian)
- Leontiy (Russian)
- Leonty (Russian)
- Lyov (Russian)
- León (Spanish)
- Leoncio (Spanish)