Anna-Maria is a female given name, a combination of Anna and Maria:
- Anna is the Latinate form of Hannah which comes from the Hebrew name Channah meaning “grace” or “favor”;
- Maria comes from the Hebrew female name Miriam, a name of unknown meaning though possible meanings ascribed to it are “sea of bitterness”, “rebelliousness” or “obstinacy”, and “wished for child”. It’s also possible that it might be derived from an Egyptian source either meaning “beloved” from myr, or from mr“love”. Maria is also the feminine form of Marius, a Roman family name which could be derived from Latin mas meaning “male” or Latin mare meaning “sea”. It could also be derived from Mars, the Roman god of war (the Roman counterpart of the Greek god Ares), a name of uncertain etymology though it’s possible that Mars was derived from an older source, perhaps from from Etruscan Maris (the god of fertility and agriculture) of unknown meaning. Mars could also be the contracted form of an older name, Mavors (or Mavort) which could come from Latin verb mah or margh (to cut) and vor (to turn), essentially meaning “turner of the battle”. Mars could also be derived from the same Proto-Indian-European root as Sanskrit marici meaning “ray of light”, or Proto-Indian-European mer meaning “to die”. It could also be associated with Latin marceo meaning “to (cause to) wither” and “to (make) shrivel” and Latin marcus meaning “hammer”.
Origin: Hebrew, Ancient Egyptian, Etruscan, Latin, Proto-Indo-European
- Annamaria (Italian, English)
- Annamária (Hungarian)
- Annemarie (Dutch, German)
- Annmarie (English)
Shoji is a Japanese male name with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used:
- “correct; justice; righteous; a number of 1040+ reign; be at peace; calm down; subdue; quell; govt; cure; heal; rule; conserve” (正治);
- “prosperous; bright; clear + two” (昌二);
- “shining; bright + two” (昭二);
- “level + director; official; govt office; rule; administer” (庄司);
- “auspicious; happiness; blessedness; good omen; good fortune + reign; be at peace; calm down; subdue; quell; govt; cure; heal; rule; conserve” (祥治);
- “victory; fast + you; thou; second person” (捷爾);
- “badge; chapter; composition; poem; design + two” (章二);
- “beckon; invite; summon; engage + two” (招二);
- “leader; commander; general; admiral; or; and again; soon; from now on; just about + director; official; govt office; rule; administer” (将司).
Shoji also refers to a sliding door made of translucent paper over a frame of wood as well as also referring to a Japanese era spanning April 1199 through February 1202.
Written in hiragana it’s しょうじ (Shōji).
Galvin comes from a surname, the anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Gealbháin meaning “descendant of Gealbhán”, the latter a personal name meaning “bright white” from geal (bright) and ban (white) which may have originated for someone with blond hair or who had white or gray hair as they grew older; gealbhan is also the Irish word for “sparrow”.
Clarence was first created as the name of the title of a dukedom for the second son of King Edward III, Lionel of Antwerp, in 1362. The name apparently came from the town of Clare, Suffolk, because his first wife was a direct descendant of the powerful de Clare family. Clare is a medieval English form of Clara, the Latin feminine form of Clarus which means “clear, bright, famous” from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₁- (to call, cry, summon). Clarence is also a surname derived from the given name.
Elaine is an Old French form of Helen, the English form of Greek Helene an Ancient Greek name of uncertain etymology though it’s been linked to Greek helene meaning “torch” or “corposant”, though it might also be linked to selene meaning “moon”. There are several characters in Arthurian legend named Elaine, such as the name of the mother of Lancelot; Elaine of Corbenic, the mother of Lancelot’s illegitimate son Galahad; and Elaine of Astolat, who features in Lord Alfred Tennyson’s poem The Lady of Shalott, a maiden who falls into an unrequited love with Lancelot.
Origin: Ancient Greek
- Elayne (English)
- Elaina (English)
- Elene (Georgian, Sardinian)
- Elena (Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovak, Lithuanian, Russian, Greek, German, Medieval Slavic, English)
Luce (pr. loo-che in Italian; loos/ luys in French) is the Italian and French form of Lucia, itself the feminine form of Lucius meaning “light” from Latin lux from the Proto-Indo-European word *lewk- (white; light; bright). It was an Ancient Roman given name that was very popular during its time. Luce is also the Italian word for light. Although generally a female name it has had usage as a male name as well. Luce is also a surname derived from the given name.
- Lucia (Italian, German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Romanian, Slovak, Ancient Roman)
- Lucie (French, Czech, English)
- Lucette (French diminutive of Luce)
- Lucetta (English)
- Lucilla (Italian, Ancient Roman diminutive of Lucia)
- Lucila (Spanish)
- Llúcia (Catalan)
- Luca (Hungarian, Croatian)
- Lucija (Slovene, Croatian)
- Luus (Limburgish, Dutch)
- Lucinda (English, Portuguese, Spanish)
- Lucile (French, English)
- Lucille (French, English)
- Luzia (German, Portuguese)
- Lūcija (Latvian)
- Liucija (Lithuanian)
- Łucja (Polish)
- Lucja (Polish)
- Lúcia (Portuguese)
- Liùsaidh (Scottish)
- Lucía (Spanish)
- Lleucu (Welsh)
- Lucio (Italian, Spanish)
- Lucius (Ancient Roman, English)
- Loukios (Ancient Roman)
- Lucjusz (Polish)
- Lúcio (Portuguese)
Lucky is an English word referring to something or someone having or is marked by good luck or someone or something that is fortunate, and often used as a nickname for someone who is lucky though it could also be used as a given name. Lucky is also a surname derived from the given name Luke/Lucas, the English form of Greek Loukas meaning “from Lucania”, the name of a region in southern Italy. Though the name is of uncertain meaning, Lucania could be related to Greek leukos “white”, “light, bright, shining”, a cognate of Latin lux “light”. It could also be derived from the Latin word lucus (a cognate of lucere “shining, bright”) meaning “sacred wood” or Greek lykos meaning “wolf”.
Origin: Greek, Latin
Belisarius is the name of a renowned and famous general of the Byzantine Empire under the rule of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I and was called the Last of the Romans because he was believed to embody the values of the Ancient Roman civilization. The meaning behind the name is unknown. Belisarius was born in Illyria, the western part of the Balkan peninsula, so his name might be Illyric in origin. Another theory I’ve seen posted is that it might be derived from Slavonic Beli-tzar meaning “white prince” although that origin seems to be seriously in doubt. It’s also possible that his name is related to Belisama, a Celtic goddess whose name is uncertain though the first part of the name, bel-, which means either “bright” or “strong” or “powerful” while the second part of the name, -isama-, means “most” or “greatest” so the name essentially means “brightest” or “most powerful”. The second part of the name might also be related to Proto-Celtic *samos (summer) so the name may also mean “summer bright” which may make sense she is the goddess of fire and light as well as possibly being a goddess of the Ribble river in Merseyside, England.
Belisarius is also the name of a genus of scorpion.
Origin: Slavic, Proto-Celtic
- Belisario (Spanish, Italian)
- Bellisario (Italian)
- Bellisarius (English)
- Bélisaire (French)
- Belisaria (English)
- Bellisaria (English)
Apollo is the Greek god of prophecy, medicine, the sun, light, music, poetry, plague and disease, and one of the most important gods in both the Greek and Roman pantheon. He is the twin brother of Artemis and often associated with the sun (and Artemis the moon), and the son of Zeus and Leto. His name is of uncertain etymology and meaning though the ancient Greeks often associated it with the Greek apollymi meaning “to destroy”. It’s also been associated with Doric apella “wall”, later referring to an assembly. Other possible theories regarding the name link it to Indo-European apelo “strength”, Greek apolusis “to redeem”, apolousis “purification”, apoloúōn “washing”, apolúōn “delivering”, aploun “simple”, and aei bállōn “always shooting (arrows)”. However, it seems more likely that Apollo is pre-Greek in origin, perhaps related to Appaliunas, an Anatolian god whose name possibly means “father light” or “father lion”, though it could also be related to the name of a Hittite god related to Aplu, a Hurrian and Hittite god of plague and healing; the name might be derived from Akkadian Aplu Enlil meaning “the son of Enlil”, a title given to the Mesopotamian god Nergal (who was the god of war, pestilence, and death), though I’ve also seen it listed as meaning “father light” or “father lion”. Appaliunas might also have a Luwian etymology (Luwian being an ancient language related to Anatolian and closely related to Hittite) from *appal- meaning “trap, snare, pitfall, ambush”.
Origin: Indo-European, Greek, Akkadian
- Apollon (Ancient Greek)
- Apollinaris (Ancient Greek)
- Apollonios (Ancient Greek)
- Apollinaire (French)
- Apolinary (Polish)
- Apolinar (Spanish)
- Apollodorus (Ancient Greek)
- Apollodoros (Ancient Greek)
- Apollonia (Ancient Greek, Italian)
- Apollodora (Ancient Greek)
- Apolena (Slovak, Czech)
- Apolonia (Spanish, Polish)
- Apolline (French)
Ula is a diminutive of Urszula, the Polish form of Ursula meaning “little bear”, itself a diminutive of ursa meaning “she-bear”. It could also be a short form of Ulalume, the name of a poem written by Edgar Allan Poe which seems to have been based on Latin ululare meaning “to wail” or lumen meaning “light”. An ula is also a poetic device used in Tamil poetry, as well as the name of an ancient Tongan dance. Ula is also a Hindi word meaning “tour”. Ula could also be a variant spelling of Eula, a short form of Eulalia, a Greek name meaning “sweetly speaking” or “well spoken”. It could be pronounced either oo-la or yoo-la.
Origin: Latin, Tamil, Tongan, Greek
- Ursa (Latin)
- Ursula (English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Norwegian, German, Dutch)