Lyonesse

Lyonesse is the name of a country in Arthurian legend bordering Cornwall, the home of Tristan whose father was its king, as well as also being the site of the final battle between King Arthur and Mordred. It was said to have sunk beneath the waters. It’s also the name of an Arthurian character, Lyonesse, the sister of Lynette, in the story of Gareth and Lynette. Lyonesse does sound like a variant spelling of Lioness, the name of a female lion, though I’ve also seen it listed as being the English form of French of Léoneis or Léonois, the French form of Lodonesia which is the Latin name for Lothian, a region in Scotland. The etymology of Lothian is unknown.

Origin: English

Variants:

  • Lyoness
  • Lioness
  • Lionesse

 

Meliodas

Meliodas is the name of Tristan’s father of Tristan and Isolde fame, though in some versions his father is Rivalen. There’s not a lot I could find about the name’s meaning, though it was used for the main character in a manga called The Seven Deadly Sins (Nanatsu no Taizai in Japanese) which seems to be a blend of Arthurian legend, Christianity, and medieval folklore. If I had to take a guess, I would say that the first part of the name comes from Latin mel (honey) from Greek meli (honey) and Late Latin oda derived from Ancient Greek ōidḗ, a contracted form of aoidḗ meaning “song, ode” so the name could essentially meaning “sweet song” or “honey song”. Of course, the name could also be the masculine form of Melodia, also derived from Ancient Greek meaning “singing, chanting” from melos (song, melody) and aeídō (to sing, chant, praise). However, that’s just my guess. Since the stories of Arthurian legend were very popular, especially during medieval times and since there seems to be historical facts and figures mixed in with the legends, and it’s been written and rewritten by both English and French writers, it’s possible Meliodas was influenced by Latin and Greek although, once again, that’s purely my guess.

Origin: Ancient Greek

Variants:

  • Meliadus

 

Bellicent

Bellicent could be an Old French form of Belissendis, a Germanic name made of elements bili (gentle, kind, fitting, suitable, proper) and swind (strong, brave, powerful) so essentially meaning “gentle power” or “gentle strength”. It could also possibly be related to Belenus, the name of a Celtic god of the sun, whose name possibly means “bright, brilliant”

In the Arthurian legends, Bellicent is the half-sister of King Arthur (though in some versions she goes by Morgause) and is the mother of Gareth and Gawain.

Origin: Germanic

Variants:

  • Belisent
  • Belisant

 

Lukan

Lukan is a variant spelling of Lucan, derived from Roman Lucanus meaning “from Lucania”, referring to someone who came from the city of Lucania located in southern Italy. The name seems to be derived from Ancient Greek *leukos meaning “white” and “bright, shining”, or it could be derived from Latin lucus meaning “sacred wood” or “sacred grove” (lucus is also a cognate of lucere meaning “shining, bright” from the same root word as *leukos). Lucan is also a place name in Ireland, deriving its name from Gaelic Leamhcán meaning “place of the elms” from leamhán (elm) and ceann (headland, point).

As well as being a given name, Lukan is also a surname which seems to be derived from the given name. Lucan is also the name of a character in the Arthurian legend, a knight of the Round Table, as well as Butler of the royal court.

Origin: Ancient Greek, Latin, Gaelic

Variants:

  • Lucan (English, Ancient Roman)
  • Lucanus (Ancient Roman)
  • Loukanos (Ancient Greek)

 

Ambrose

Ambrose is the English form of Latin Ambrosius, derived from Greek Ambrosios meaning “immortal”. In Greek mythology, ambrosia is the food of the gods which also bestowed immortality on those who ate it. Ambrose is also another name for Merlin, the wizard who helps King Arthur in Arthurian legend, known as Merlin Ambrosius. It’s also a surname originating from the given name.

Origin: Ancient Greek

Variants:

  • Ambrosius (Latin)
  • Ambrosios (Greek)
  • Ambrogio (Italian)- Ambrogino and Giotto are Italian diminutives of the name
  • Ambroise (French)
  • Ambrosio (Spanish)
  • Ambrósio (Portuguese)
  • Ambrus (Hungarian)
  • Emrys (Welsh)
  • Ambrozije (Croatian)
  • Ambrož (Slovene, Czech)
  • Ambroos (Dutch)- Broos is the Dutch and Limburgish diminutive of the name
  • Ambrosi (Georgian)
  • Ambroży (Polish)
  • Amvrosiy (Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian)
  • Amvrosy (Russian)

 

Female forms:

  • Ambrosia (Ancient Greek)
  • Ambrosine (English)
  • Ambrosette (English)

 

Gareth

Gareth is the name of one of the Knights of the Round Table in the Arthurian legends, the son of Lot and Morgause, Arthur’s older half-sister, which makes him Arthur’s nephew. The name first appeared in Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur, based on the name Gahariet, an Old French form of the name. The etymology behind the name is uncertain though it has been linked to Welsh gwaredd meaning “gentleness”. It could also be connected to another name, Geraint, the Welsh form of Latin Gerontius meaning “old man” from Greek geron. Other possible meanings I’ve come across is that it might be from Welsh Gweir “grass”, “hay”, “collar”, “loop” or “bend” or Gweirydd “Gweir + lord”, or that it could be from Old Welsh gwrhyt “valor”.

Origin: Welsh, Ancient Greek

Variants:

  • Gahariet (Medieval French)
  • Gaharet
  • Gahareth
  • Gariet