Ion is a figure in Greek mythology, the son of Creusa (an Athenian princess) and either the god Apollo or the Peloponnesus king Xuthus depending on some versions, and who is the ancestor of the Ionian people. The meaning behind the name is unknown, though it might be a stretch to relate it to Greek ion which means “violet”. I’ve also seen it listed as being the feminine form of Io, borne by numerous figures in Greek myth. Though the etymology behind the name is also unknown, it’s has also been linked to ion (violet).
Ion is the Basque and Romanian form of John, a Hebrew male name meaning “Yahweh is gracious”, as well as being a word, used to refer to an electrically charged atom or a group of atoms formed by the loss or gain of one or more electrons. It comes from Greek ión, the neuter present particle of ienai meaning “to go”, named because the ions move toward the electrode of the opposite charge; -ion is also a suffix indicating something in action from Latin ionem. Ion is also a surname derived from the Romanian given name
Origin: Greek, Hebrew, Latin
- Ioan (Romanian, Bulgarian, Welsh)
Alexander is the Latinized form of Greek Alexandros meaning “defending men” or “defender of men” from Greek elements alexo (to defend, help) and aner (man). In Greek mythology, it was another name for the Trojan prince Paris, famous for abducting Helen, wife of Menelaus, which started the ten year Trojan war. It’s also the name of Alexander the Great, king of Macedon, who created one of the largest empires in the ancient world. Alexander is also a surname derived from the given name.
Nicknames: Alex, Xander, Lex, Ander, Sandy, Sander
Origin: Ancient Greek
- Alexandros (Ancient Greek)
- Aleksander (Polish, Slovene, Albanian, Estonian, Norwegian, Danish)
- Alexandra (Ancient Greek, English, German, Dutch, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Portuguese, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Spanish, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian)
- Alexandria (English, Ancient Greek)
- Alexandrina (Portuguese, English)
- Aleksandra (Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Serbian, Bulgarian, Slovene, Croatian, Macedonian, Estonian)
Ara is the Latin word for “altar” as well as the name of a constellation in the southern hemisphere. According to Greek mythology, it received its name when the Greek gods overthrew the Titans and the smoke from the altar was what the Milky Way represented. Other possible meanings in Latin are “refuge” and “protection, sanctuary” while in Greek ara means “prayer”, “vow”, and “curse”. Ara is also the singular form of Arai (also spelled Arae), female spirits (or daimones) of curses summoned from the underworld by the dead on those responsible for their deaths. They’re often confused with the Furies (Erinyes) and seem to be the children of Nyx, goddess of the night.
Ara is also the name of a legendary Armenian prince also known as Ara the Handsome because he was so beautiful that even the legendary queen Semiramis (known as Shamiram in Armenian) waged a war to capture him but he ended up being killed in battle. The meaning behind the name is unknown. Ara could also be a variant spelling of Arah, a Hebrew male name meaning “wayfarer, wanderer”. It could also be a nickname for names that being with Ara such as Arabella, Araceli, Ariadne and Arianna, etc. It’s also a place name in several places, as well as also being a Korean female name meaning “to know, to be wise” (아라).
Origin: Latin, Greek, Armenian, Hebrew, Korean
- Arah (Hebrew)
- Arra (English)
Corin is the French masculine form of Quirinus, a Latin name meaning “spear” or “lance” from Sabine quiris. In Roman mythology, Quirinus was a Sabine god who was later absorbed into the Roman pantheon, as well as being an epithet of Janus, the Roman god of beginnings, doorways, and endings. Corin could also be a variant form of Corinne, which is the French form of Greek Corinna meaning “maiden”. Corin could also be related to Cures, the name of an ancient Sabine town, or perhaps from Latin curia meaning “court”. It could also be derived from Cyrene (originally pronounced ky-ree-nee), the name of an ancient town in Libya named after a nymph beloved by the Greek god Apollo; her name could be derived from Greek kuros meaning “supreme power”.
Origin: Sabine, Greek
Zebulon is a name of uncertain etymology though it’s been linked to Ugartic zbl meaning “prince”, linked to the same root word as Jezebel meaning “where is the prince?” or “not exalted”. Zebulon may originally have been used as an epithet for the god Ba’al. Other theories of the name link to Hebrew zabal meaning “to exalt, to honor”; zeved “gift, dowry”; or “dwelling”. Zebulon is the name of the youngest son of Jacob and Leah in the Bible and the Torah, as well as the founder of the Tribe of Zebulon.
Origin: Ugartic, Hebrew
- Zebulun (Biblical)
- Zaboulon (Biblical Greek)
- Zevulun (Biblical Hebrew)
- Zabulon (Biblical Latin)
Roma is the Latin name for the city of Rome, a name of uncertain etymology though the name’s origins have often been linked to its founder, Romulus, meaning “of Rome”. However, it’s likely that Romulus may have derived his name from the city and other theories regarding Rome’s meaning are: it might be from Greek rhōmē meaning “strength” or “might”; rheo or Latin ruo meaning “flow”; or from Etruscan ruma from the root word for “teat”, either in reference to the wolf that took in and suckled the infants Romulus and Remus in Roman mythology, or so named for the shape of the Palatine and Aventine hills.
Roma is also the Russian diminutive of Roman which comes from Latin Romanus meaning “Roman”, referring to a citizen of Rome, as well as also used to refer to the Roman goddess or personification of the ancient city of Rome in Roman mythology.
Origin: Uncertain, possibly Greek or Etruscan
- Roman (Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian, Slovene, Croatian, German)
- Romanus (Latin)
- Romanos (Latin, Greek)
- Romain (French)
- Romano (Italian)
- Romeo (Italian)
- Romolo (Italian form of Romulus)
- Romaeus (Latin form of Romeo)
- Romà (Catalan)
- Román (Hungarian, Spanish)
- Romão (Portuguese)
- Romana (Italian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Late Roman)
- Romola (Italian feminine form of Romulus)
- Romaine (French, English)
- Romane (French)
- Romayne (English)
- Romána (Hungarian)
Kaitlin is a variant spelling of Caitlin, itself the Anglicized form of Caitlín the Irish form of Katherine which comes from Greek Aikaterine though the etymology behind the name is not certain. It could be derived from another Greek name, Hekaterine from hekateros meaning “each of the two” or from Hecate, the name of the Greek goddess of witchcraft, the underworld, and crossroads, from hekas possibly meaning “far off” though another theory states it comes from a Greek word meaning “will”. It might also be derived from Greek aikia “torture”. Katherine could also be from a Coptic name meaning “my consecration of your name”. The spelling of the name was later changed to be associated with Greek katharos “pure”.
Origin: Greek, Coptic
- Caitlin (Irish, English)
- Caitlín (Irish)
- Kaitlyn (English)
- Caitlyn (English)
- Katelyn (English)
- Catelyn (English)
- Kaitlynn (English)
- Caitlynn (English)
- Catelynn (English)
- Kaitlynne (English)
- Caitlynne (English)
- Catelynne (English)
Hilda comes from Germanic element hild meaning “battle” as well as being a nickname for any name beginning with Hilde– such as Hildebrand or Hildred. Hilda is also a cogante of Old Norse Hildr, the name of a Valkyrie in Norse mythology who had the power to revive the dead.
Origin: Ancient Germanic
- Hildy (English)
- Hylda (English)
- Hilde (German, Dutch, Norwegian)
- Hildur (Icelandic, Norwegian)
- Hild (Old English)
- Hildr (Ancient Scandinavian, Norse mythology)
- Ilda (Italian)
- Elda (Italian)
Frey is a variant of Freyr, the name of the Norse god of fertility and the weather, and the twin brother of Freya, as well as the husband of Gerd, a frost giantess, for whom he gave up a magical sword just to be with her though, without it, he will be killed during Ragnorak. His name comes from Proto-Germanic *frawjaz meaning “lord”.
- Freyr (Norse mythology, Icelandic)
- Frej (Danish, Swedish, German)
- Freya (Norse mythology, English)
- Freyja (Norse mythology, Icelandic)
- Freja (Danish, Swedish, German)
- Frea (Norse mythology)
- Frøya (Norwegian)
Odin is an Anglicized form of Old Norse Óðinn which comes from óðr meaning “inspiration, rage, frenzy”. It comes from Proto-Germanic *Wodanaz meaning “poetic fury” derived from *wodaz (rage, manic inspiration, mad, furious, possessed). In Norse mythology, Odin is the chief god of the Norse pantheon, a complex character who presided over war, art, wisdom, death, and magic, as well as poetry and seers. He has one eye and a large beard, and likes to wander, often in a relenetless pursuit of knowledge. Odin also presided over Valhalla and the valkyries, and is supposed to be killed by the wolf Fenrir at the end of the world known as Ragnarok.
- Oden (Swedish)
- Óðinn (Icelandic, Old Norse)
- Woden (Anglo-Saxon)
- Wodan (Germanic)
- Wotan (Germanic)