Tova is a Hebrew female name meaning “good”, though it’s also a Swedish variant of Tove, a modern form of Old Norse Tófa which is a short form of Old Norse Þórfríðr (or Thorfrither) meaning “Thor is beautiful” or “beautiful Thor” from Þórr/Thor (Thor) and fríðr (beautiful, beloved), Thor being the Norse god of thunder, strength, war and storms; his name fittingly means “thunder”.
Origin: Hebrew, Old Norse
- Tovah (Hebrew)
- Tove (Swedish)
- Tuva (Swedish, Norwegian)
- Þórfríðr (Ancient Scandinavian)
Finn comes from an Irish name meaning “fair”, “blessed” or “white” derived from Proto-Celtic *windos (white). Finn is the older spelling of Fionn, which belongs to the name of a warrior in Irish myth known as Fionn mac Cumhaill (or Finn MacCool in English) and the leader of the Fianna. His birth name was Deimne but he was later nicknamed Fionn when his hair turned prematurely white.
Finn also comes from Old Norse Finnr meaning “a Finn, a Sami, Lapp”, a given name and byname used to refer to someone who came from Finland or was part of the Sami people (also known as Lapps). Although the origin behind finnr is uncertain it has been linked to Old Norse meaning “wanderer”. Finnr is the name of a dawrf mentioned in the Völuspá, the first poem in the Poetic Edda, a collection of Old Norse poems. Finn is also a surname which could be be derived from both sources, as well as being a short form of names like Finley, Finnegan, or Thorfinn/Torfinn
Origin: Proto-Celtic, Old Norse
- Fionn (Irish)
- Fion (Irish)
- Finnagán (Irish diminutive of Fionn)
- Fionnán (Irish diminutive of Fionn)
- Finnán (older form of Fionnán)
- Finnr (Ancient Scandinavian)
- Finnur (Icelandic)
- Fína (Greenlandic)
- Finna (Greenlandic)
- Fiona (Scottish, English)
- Finna (female form of Finnr; Old Norse, Icelandic, Danish, Norwegian)
Saga is the name of an Old Norse goddess of wisdom and seems to be another name for the goddess Frigg. The name seems to come from Old Norse sjá meaning “to see”, likely in reference to the fact that she is a seeress. Saga is also a word derived from Old Norse saga meaning “saga, story”, cognate with Old English sagu (story, tale, statement). A saga originally referred to stories in Old Norse about ancient Scandinavian and Germanic history, sometimes romanticized about battles and heroes that happened in the past.
In Latin, saga means “fortune-teller, sooth-sayer, female sage”. It also seems to have some Japanese roots, the name of an emperor of Japan in the 9th century. Wikipedia writes his name with the kanji 嵯峨 meaning “steep, rugged + high mountain”. Saga is also a Japanese surname as well as the name of a prefecture in Japan, whose capital city is also called Saga.
Origin: Old Norse, Latin, Japanese
Hilda comes from Germanic element hild meaning “battle” as well as being a nickname for any name beginning with Hilde– such as Hildebrand or Hildred. Hilda is also a cogante of Old Norse Hildr, the name of a Valkyrie in Norse mythology who had the power to revive the dead.
Origin: Ancient Germanic
- Hildy (English)
- Hylda (English)
- Hilde (German, Dutch, Norwegian)
- Hildur (Icelandic, Norwegian)
- Hild (Old English)
- Hildr (Ancient Scandinavian, Norse mythology)
- Ilda (Italian)
- Elda (Italian)
Frey is a variant of Freyr, the name of the Norse god of fertility and the weather, and the twin brother of Freya, as well as the husband of Gerd, a frost giantess, for whom he gave up a magical sword just to be with her though, without it, he will be killed during Ragnorak. His name comes from Proto-Germanic *frawjaz meaning “lord”.
- Freyr (Norse mythology, Icelandic)
- Frej (Danish, Swedish, German)
- Freya (Norse mythology, English)
- Freyja (Norse mythology, Icelandic)
- Freja (Danish, Swedish, German)
- Frea (Norse mythology)
- Frøya (Norwegian)
Odin is an Anglicized form of Old Norse Óðinn which comes from óðr meaning “inspiration, rage, frenzy”. It comes from Proto-Germanic *Wodanaz meaning “poetic fury” derived from *wodaz (rage, manic inspiration, mad, furious, possessed). In Norse mythology, Odin is the chief god of the Norse pantheon, a complex character who presided over war, art, wisdom, death, and magic, as well as poetry and seers. He has one eye and a large beard, and likes to wander, often in a relenetless pursuit of knowledge. Odin also presided over Valhalla and the valkyries, and is supposed to be killed by the wolf Fenrir at the end of the world known as Ragnarok.
- Oden (Swedish)
- Óðinn (Icelandic, Old Norse)
- Woden (Anglo-Saxon)
- Wodan (Germanic)
- Wotan (Germanic)
Gerda is the feminine form of Dutch and German given name Gerd, a short form of Gerhard, the Scandinavian form of Gerard meaning “brave spear, hardy spear” from Germanic elements ger (spear) and hard (brave, hardy). Gerda is also the name of a Norse goddess and jotunn (giant) in Norse mythology, the wife of Freyr. The name comes from Old Norse garðr meaning “protection, fenced-in, to enclose”.
Origin: Germanic, Old Norse
- Gerdina (Dutch)
- Gerðr (Old Norse)
- Gerth (Old Norse)
- Gerd (German, Dutch)
- Gerhard (German, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Ancient Germanic, Scandinavian)
- Gerard (English, Dutch, Catalan, Polish)
Sol is the Latin name for “sun”, and the name of the Roman god of the sun as well as being the Spanish and Potuguese word for “sun” deriving from Latin as well. It’s also a short form of Solomon, deriving from Hebrew shalom meaning “peace”. As a surname, it’s seems to have originated from Latin sol.
Spelled Sól, it’s the name of the Norse goddess of the sun; her name means “sun” in Old Norse.
Sol, also spelled as Sul and Seol, is also a Korean surname although I couldn’t manage to find an exact meaning behind it. Sol is also a Korean unisex given name meaning “pine tree” in Hangul; it can be used on its own or as part of a compound name.
Origin: Latin, Hebrew, Old Norse, Korean
- Sola (f)
- Sole (Italian, Spanish)
솔 (Hangul)– Sol
Ingram is an English surname derived from Norman French Enguerrand which is the Medieval French form of Engilram, a Germanic name. The second part of the name comes from Germanic hramn (raven) though the first part of the name is a little trickier. It could be from Angil, the name of a Germanic tribe possibly meaning “angel”, though it could also be derived from Proto-Germanic *anguz possibly meaning “narrow, tight”.
Another possible origin for the first element is that it comes from Ing, a Germanic name possibly meaning “ancestor” from Proto-Germanic *Ingwaz; Ing is an Old Norse cognate of Yngvi, the name of an Old Norse fertility god, possibly an alternate name for Freyr, the Norse god of fertility, prosperity, sunshine, and rain.
Origin: Ancient Germanic
Thurstan comes from an English surname derived from Norse given name Torsten, from Old Norse Þórsteinn meaning “Thor’s stone”, Thor being the Norse god of thunder, strength, war, and storms . His name means “thunder”.
Origin: Old Norse
- Thorstein (Norwegian)
- Torstein (Norwegian)
- Torsten (Swedish, Danish, German)
- Thorsten (Danish, Swedish, German)
- Torsti (Finnish)
- Turstin (Medieval English)
- Þórsteinn (Ancient Scandinavian)