Esmeralda

Esmeralda is the Spanish and Portuguese word for “emerald”, also used as a given name. It comes from Old French esmeraude via Vulgar Latin (which is the common speech of Latin including different dialects) esmeralda, esmeraldus which comes from Ancient Greek smaragdos meaning “green gem”. That itself could come from a Semitic source such as Hebrew baraket or bareqeth meaning “emerald, shine” or Arabic barq “lightning”.

Origin: Hebrew, Arabic

Variants:

  • Esmeraude (Old French)
  • Emeraude (French)
  • Émeraude (French)
  • Emerald (English)

 

Jumal

Jumal is the name of the Estonian god of the sky; the name means “god” in Estonian and Finnish, likely borrowed from the Proto-Indo-Iranian *diyumna, a cognate of Sanskrit dyuman (heavenly, shining, radiant). Jumal has also been used as a generic word used to refer to a god as well as also being used for the Christian God. Another possible meaning of the name is “twins” or it could be related to Mordvinic jondol meaning “lightning”.

Jumal could also be a variant transcription of Jamal, an Arabic male name meaning “handsome, beauty”.

Origin: Proto-Indo-Iranian

Variants:

  • Jumala (Finnish
  • Jumo (Mari)

 

Zeus

Zeus is the main god in the Greek pantheon, the god of the sky and thunder, law and order, and oaths. According to mythology, he was the youngest son of the Titan Cronus and Rhea. Because his father was told that a son of his would overthrow him just as Cronus had overthrown his own father Uranus, Cronus would swallow every child Rhea bore, boy or girl. When Zeus was about to be born, Rhea devised a plan to save him by swaddling a bundle of blankets or clothes with rocks and switching it out with the baby Zeus whom she gave to some nymphs to take care of. When Zeus came of age, he somehow managed to make his father gorge out the children he had swallowed and together they banded together to fight against the Titans, ending in victory for the Olympians.

Zeus’s name comes from Indo-European *Dyeus likely meaning “shine” or “sky, heaven, god”.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European

Male variants:

  • Zeno (Ancient Greek, Italian)
  • Zenon (Ancient Greek, Polish)
  • Zinon (Modern Greek)

 

Female forms:

  • Zenais (Ancient Greek)
  • Zenaida (Late Greek)
  • Zénaïs (French)

 

Thurstan

Thurstan comes from an English surname derived from Norse given name Torsten, from Old Norse Þórsteinn meaning “Thor’s stone”, Thor being the Norse god of thunder, strength, war, and storms . His name means “thunder”.

Origin: Old Norse

Variants:

  • Thorstein (Norwegian)
  • Torstein (Norwegian)
  • Torsten (Swedish, Danish, German)
  • Thorsten (Danish, Swedish, German)
  • Torsti (Finnish)
  • Turstin (Medieval English)
  • Þórsteinn (Ancient Scandinavian)