Joden seems to be a modern name, either an elaborated form of Jody, a diminutive of Joe or Joseph (though it’s also been used as a nickname for Judith), a Hebrew male name meaning “Yahweh will increase” or “Yahweh will add”; or it could a variant spelling of Jodan, which could be a combination of given names Joe/Joseph and Dan, a Hebrew male name meaning “judge, to judge” or “he judged”.
In the Dutch and Danish language, Joden (spelled Jøden) means “Jew” and was used as an ethonym for the Jewish people, as well as also being a Spanish word, the present form of joder in the third person plural, meaning “to fuck/to fuck with” and “to screw around/with, to piss off, to suck”, though in Spanish the J is pronounced like an H, so it would be pronounced ho-den. It’s derived form Latin futuere, the present active infinitive of futuo.
Joden is also the Norwegian definite masculine singular of jod, as well as the Swedish definite singular of jod, meaning “iodine” which comes from Greek ioeidḗs meaning “violet” with the -ine suffix. And lastly, Jōdan (上段) is a karate term meaning something like “upper level” or “high level” and refers to the upper part of the body (the shoulders and above), as well as also being a Japanese word meaning “joke, , jest” (冗談).
Origin: Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Japanese
Romeo is the Italian form of Late Latin Romaeus which comes from Greek rhomaios meaning “Roman”, used in reference to a pilgrim traveling to Rome or someone who was a former citizen of Rome. Probably the most famous bearer of this name is Romeo Montague from William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. It’s also a surname that originally referred to someone who came from Rome or who had made a pilgramage to Rome.
- Romaeus (Late Latin)
- Romanus (Late Latin)
- Romano (Italian)
- Romolo (Italian)
- Roman (Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian, Slovene, Croatian, German)
- Roma (Russian diminutive of Roman)
- Romain (French)
- Román (Spanish, Hungarian)
- Romà (Catalan)
- Romão (Portuguese)
- Romulus (Latin)
- Romana (Italian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Late Roman)
- Romola (Italian)
- Romaine (French)
- Romane (French)
- Romayne (English)
- Romána (Hungarian)
Terry is an English unisex name originally used as a diminutive of Terence (which comes from Roman family name Terentius which is of uncertain meaning though it could be derived from Latin terens meaning “rubbing, wearing away” from Latin terere (to rub, to wear out) though it might also be related to Sabine terenus meaning “soft”) or Theresa ( comes from Greek Therasia, the name of an island (the name is of uncertain meaning but has been linked to several possible meanings such as Greek theros “summer”, therizo “to harvest, to reap”, ther “wild beast”, or therao “to hunt”).
As an surname, however, Terry comes from medieval given name Thierry, the Norman French form of Theodoric meaning “ruler of the people” from Germanic elements theud (people) and ric (power); it could also be an anglicized form of Gaelic surname Mac Toirdhealbhaigh meaning “son of Toirdhealbhach”, the latter being a personal given name meaning “one who is like Thor” or “one who is like thunder”; or it’s a French surname deirved from Occitan terrin meaning “earthenware vessel, earthenware vase”, an occupational surname for a potter, which comes from Latin terra (earth).
Origin: Latin, Greek, Germanic, Gaelic
Aster is the name of a flower derived from Greek astḗr meaning “star”. It could also have been used as either a misspelling or a variant spelling of Esther, a name of uncertain etymology though it could be related to Persian meaning “star”; Esther has also been linked to Ishtar, the Mesopotamian goddess of love, fertility, and war, though the meaning is unknown. As a surname, it could be derived from Middle High German agelster meaning “magpie”.
Origin: Greek, Persian
- Astra (English)
- Astraea (Greek)
- Astraia (Greek)
- Esther (English, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish)
- Ester (Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Czech, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish)
Hermes is the name of the Greek god of commerce and trade, known as the trickster god and the protector of thieves, travelers, and athletes, as well as a messenger of the gods and the god of boundaries. He guided the souls of the dead to the underworld. The son of Zeus and Maia, one of the Pleiades, the day after his birth when he was just an infant, Hermes stole his half-brother Apollo’s cattle. When Apollo tracked him down, Hermes gave him a lyre he had just invented from the shell of a tortoise as an apology. He is the father of Autolycus, the Prince of Thieves, and the great-grandfather of the hero Odysseus. Although the etymology of the name has been linked to Greek herma meaning “cairn, pile of stones, boundary marker” it could also be related to Proto-European *ser “to bind, put together”; or it could be related to an older word of non-European origin.
Hermes is also a surname, either derived from the name of the Greek god or it could be a Germanic matronynic surname from the given name Ermens, a short form of either Ermelendis (derived from Germanic elements ermen “whole, universal” and linde “soft, tender”) or Ermgart (likely a short form of Ermengarde, also a Germanic name from Germanic ermen “whole, universal” and garde “enclosure”). As a French surname, it could have arisen as a topographic name for someone who lived in a deserted spot or a patch of barren land from Greek eremia “desert, desolate, lonely uninhabited” and the local suffix –ès.
Origin: Ancient Greek, Proto-European, Ancient Germanic
- Hermès (French)
- Ermes (Italian)
- Ermete (Italian)
- Ermis (Modern Greek)
- Hermione (Ancient Greek)
- Hermia (English)
Dennis is the English form of Dionysius, the name of the Greek god of the vine, wine, pleasure, festivity, madness, and wild frenzy, who represented both the intoxicating madness of wine as well as its beneficient qualities. He was the son of Zeus and the Theban princess Semele, making him the only god with a mortal parent and the last god to enter the Greek pantheon.
Although the etymology of his name isn’t quite clear-cut, the first part of the name, Dio-, means “of Zeus” though it could also be related to Proto-Indo-European *dyews meaning “sky, heaven, god” and “shining”. The second part -nysus might be derived from Nysa, the name of a mountain in which Dionysios was raised by the nymphs who loved there; the name might be related to an archaic Greek word meaning “tree”.
Dennis is also a surname derived from the given name.
Origin: Ancient Greek, Proto-Indo-European
- Denis (French, Russian, English, German, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Romanian, Croatian)
- Denys (Ukrainian, English)
- Denny (English)
- Dennie (English)
- Dionýz (Slovak)
- Dionisie (Romanian)
- Dénes (Hungarian)
- Tenney (medieval English diminutive of Denis)
- Dinis (Portuguese)
- Diniz (Portuguese)
- Dionísio (Portuguese)
- Dionisio (Spanish)
- Deon (English)
- Deion (English)
- Dion (Ancient Greek, English short form of Dionysios)
- Dionysos (Ancient Greek)
- Dionysios (Ancient Greek)
- Dionysius (Ancient Greek)
- Denise (English, French, Dutch)
- Denice (English)
- Deniece (English)
- Denisa (Czech, Slovak, Romanian)
- Dionisia (Italian, Spanish)
- Dionísia (Portuguese)
- Dionysia (Late Roman)
- Diot (Medieval English diminutive of Dionysia)
- Dye (Medieval English diminutive of Dionysia)
Kyri (pr. kee-ree or kye-ree) could be a variant spelling of Kyrie, which comes from the Greek phrase Kyrie eleison meaning “Lord, have mercy”, the vocative form of Kyrios meaning “lord” or “master”. It could also be another form of Kiri, a Maori female name meaning “peel”, “skin” or “bark, rind” referring to the “bark of a tree” as well as an Indonesian and Malay word meaning “left”. Kiri is also a Maltese word meaning “hire” or “rental”, an Estonian word meaning “writing”, “letter”, “script”, as well as a Japanese female name meaning “pear tree” (樹梨) or “fog, mist” (霧) though there are other meanings depending on the kanji used. It’s also the word for the paulownia tree (桐). Kyri is also a surname, likely derived from the Greek meaning of the name.
Origin: Greek, Maori, Indonesian, Malay, Maltese, Estonian, Japanese
- Kyrie (Ancient Greek, English)
- Kiri (Maori, Indonesian, Malay, Maltese, Estonia, Japanese, English)
- Kyria (Ancient Greek)
- Kyrios (Ancient Greek)
- Kyriakos (Ancient Greek)
Lucky is an English word referring to something or someone having or is marked by good luck or someone or something that is fortunate, and often used as a nickname for someone who is lucky though it could also be used as a given name. Lucky is also a surname derived from the given name Luke/Lucas, the English form of Greek Loukas meaning “from Lucania”, the name of a region in southern Italy. Though the name is of uncertain meaning, Lucania could be related to Greek leukos “white”, “light, bright, shining”, a cognate of Latin lux “light”. It could also be derived from the Latin word lucus (a cognate of lucere “shining, bright”) meaning “sacred wood” or Greek lykos meaning “wolf”.
Origin: Greek, Latin
Ophelia was first coined in 1504 by Italian poet Jacobo Sannazaro for his poem Arcadia though it’s famously connected to William Shakespeare’s character in Hamlet although whether Shakespeare was inspired by Sannazaro or came up with it himself independently isn’t clear. The name was inspired from Greek ōphéleia (ὠφέλειᾰ) meaning “help, aid, succor” though it could also be related to Greek óphelos (ὄφελος) meaning “profit, advantage, benefit” especially one made in war. The name may also have been based on the masculine name Ophellas, the name of a Macedonian soldier who served with Alexander the Great and was later the governor of the city of Cyrene acting under the rule of Ptolemy I, and it seems likely that the name is based on the Greek meanings though I couldn’t find anything online to confirm it.
- Ophélie (French)
- Ofelia (Spanish, Italian)
- Ofélia (Portuguese)
Iolaus is the name of Hercules’s mortal nephew, the son of his mortal half-brother Iphicles in Greek myth. He not only helped his uncle with some of his Labors, including defeating the Hydra, but he was also depicted as being the lover of Hercules as well. The second element of his name comes from Greek laos meaning “people” while the first element of the name comes from Greek ἰόs meaning “arrow” though it also means “rust” and “poison,venom”, so essentially the name means “arrow of the people”.
Origin: Ancient Greek