Ara

Ara is the Latin word for “altar” as well as the name of a constellation in the southern hemisphere. According to Greek mythology, it received its name when the Greek gods overthrew the Titans and the smoke from the altar was what the Milky Way represented. Other possible meanings in Latin are “refuge” and “protection, sanctuary” while in Greek ara means “prayer”, “vow”, and “curse”. Ara is also the singular form of Arai (also spelled Arae), female spirits (or daimones) of curses summoned from the underworld by the dead on those responsible for their deaths. They’re often confused with the Furies (Erinyes) and seem to be the children of Nyx, goddess of the night.

Ara is also the name of a legendary Armenian prince also known as Ara the Handsome because he was so beautiful that even the legendary queen Semiramis (known as Shamiram in Armenian) waged a war to capture him but he ended up being killed in battle. The meaning behind the name is unknown. Ara could also be a variant spelling of Arah, a Hebrew male name meaning “wayfarer, wanderer”. It could also be a nickname for names that being with Ara such as Arabella, Araceli, Ariadne and Arianna, etc. It’s also a place name in several places, as well as also being a Korean female name meaning “to know, to be wise” (아라).

Origin: Latin, Greek, Armenian, Hebrew, Korean

Variants:

  • Arah (Hebrew)
  • Arra (English)

 

Mina

Mina is an Indian female name meaning “fish” in Sanskrit, as well as used as the Sanskrit term for the constellation Pisces; Minali is a variant of the name meaning “fish catcher”. It’s also a short form of Wilhelmina, the feminine form of Wilhelm, a German cognate of William meaning “wilfull protection” or “desiring protection” from Germanic elements wil (will, desire) and helm (helmet, protection). Mina is also a Japanese female name with various meanings depending on the kanji used, made up of Japanese elements mi 美 (beauty, beautiful), 未 (have not come, future), 実 (reality, truth); and na 奈 (apple tree, what),那 (what), 菜 (vegetables, greens), 和 (harmony), 愛 (love, affection); and likely other meanings.

Mina is also a Persian female name meaning “enamel, glaze” or “lapis lazuli”, as well as being the Pashto word for “love”, as well as also being the Arabic word for “port”. Mina is also a Korean female name written with Hangul (Korean alphabet) 미나 with various meanings depending on the hanja (Korean name for Chinese characters) used to write out the syllables. One such meaning for  (mi) is “beauty” (), “small” (), “not” (未), “rice” (米), “name of a mountain” (嵋), while 나 (na) means “I” in first person singular. Written with the hangul 민아 with various meanings depending on the hanja used 민 (min) “keen, sensitive” (敏), “jade” (珉), “jade” (), “heaven” (旻); and 아 (a): “elegant, neat, tidy” (雅), “good, beautiful” (娥), “oh, ah” (娥); and other meanings.

As well as being a female name, Mina is also an Egyptian Arabic male name which seems to come from Menes, the Greek form of an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh which seems to mean “He who endures” from Egyptian verb mnj and has also been linked to Memphis, the name of an ancient city in Egypt which is the Ancient Greek form of Egyptian Men-nefer meaning “enduring and beautiful” from mn (enduring) and nfr (beautiful). Menes, the first pharoah of Egypt who united Lower and Upper Egypt into one kingdom; his name is believed to have been an epithet rather than an actual name of a person long since forgotten.

Mina is also a surname as well as being a given name, derived from any place name called Mina, or from Portuguese and Spanish mina meaning “mine”, likely referring to a place where a mine was located. It could also be a variant form of Minas derived from Greek given name Menas from Menes, or from Arabic given name Minnah meanin “gift, charity, good deed”.

Origin: Sanskrit, German, Japanese, Persian, Korean, Ancient Egyptian

 

Variants:

  • Meena (Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Tamil)
  • Mi-na (Korean)
  • Mi-nah (Korean)
  • Minali (Indian, Hindi)

 

Moon

Moon comes from Old English mona from Proto-Germanic *menon- from Proto-Indo-European me(n)ses meaning “month, moon” from *meh “to measure”. Moon is also a Korean surname from Chinese Wen meaning “literature, culture, writing”, as well as being an English surname with several possible origins behind it: it may have originated from Cornish mon “thin”, originally a nickname for a thin or slender person; it also derives from a place name in France, a village called Moyon. It could also have risen from Anglo-Norman moun or mon meaning “monk”, a nickname for someone who lived like a monk, or it could be from an Anglicized form of Gaelic surname Ó Mocháin “descendant of Mochán”, the latter meaning “early, timely”.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European, Korean, Cornish, Anglo-Norman

Variants:

  • Mun (Korean)

 

Sol

Sol is the Latin name for “sun”, and the name of the Roman god of the sun as well as being the Spanish and Potuguese word for “sun” deriving from Latin as well. It’s also a short form of Solomon, deriving from Hebrew shalom meaning “peace”. As a surname, it’s seems to have originated from Latin sol.

Spelled Sól, it’s the name of the Norse goddess of the sun; her name means “sun” in Old Norse.

Sol, also spelled as Sul and Seol, is also a Korean surname although I couldn’t manage to find an exact meaning behind it. Sol is also a Korean unisex given name meaning “pine tree” in Hangul; it can be used on its own or as part of a compound name.

Origin: Latin, Hebrew, Old Norse, Korean

Female variants:

  • Sola (f)
  • Sole (Italian, Spanish)

 

솔 (Hangul)– Sol

 

Yuri

Yuri is a variant trancription of Yuriy, the Russian and Ukrainian form of George, the English form of Greek Georgios meaning “farmer, earthworker” from ge (earth) and ergon (work).

Yuri is also a Japanese female name meaning “lily” though there could be other meanings depending on the kanji used, as well as also being a Korean female name with various meanings depending on the hanja used. According to Wikipedia, there are 62 hanja that can be used with the reading “yu” and 26 hanja for “ri” so that is a lot of meanings. One meaning is “glass” though it comes froma  Korean word known as hangeul, which is based on the Korean language rather than hanja, which uses Chinese characters.

Origin: Greek, Japanese, Korean

Female variants:

  • Yu-ri (Korean)
  • Yoo-ri (Korean)
  • You-ri (Korean)

 

Male forms:

  • Yuriy (Russian, Ukrainian)

 

Yuri (Hangeul) 유리 “glass”