Hella

Hella is a variant form of Helga, the feminine form of Helge, a Scandinavian name meaning “holy, blessed” from Old Norse heilagr, as well as also being an American slang term meaning “very, extremely”, a contraction of the phrase hell of a.

Origin: Old Norse

Variants:

  • Helga (Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, German, Dutch, Hungarian, Ancient Scandinavian)
  • Helle (Danish)
  • Olga (Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Latvian, Hungarian, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Czech, Slovene, Serbian, Bulgarian)
  • Olha (Ukrainian)
  • Helka (Finnish)
  • Aila (Finnish)
  • Áile (Sami)
  • Aili (Finnish)

 

Male forms:

  • Helge (Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German)
  • Helgi (Ancient Scandinavian)
  • Oleg (Russian)
  • Oleh (Ukrainian)

 

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Aries

Aries is the name of a constellation as well as being the first sign of the zodiac. In Greek mythology it represented the golden ram who was sent by the cloud nymph Nephele to rescue her children, Phrixus and Helle, from being sacrificed due to the machinations of their evil stepmother, Ino. As the ram was flying over a narrow strait, Helle fell and drowned in the water (later called Hellespont after her) but her brother Phrixus made it all the way to Colchis, where he was taken in by King Aeetes and married his daughter Chalciope (the sister of Medea). To show his gratitude, Phrixus sacrificed the golden ram and gave its golden fleece to Aeetes, which would later feature in the story of Jason and the Argonauts. The name means “ram” in Latin, in reference to the animal, but it also means “battering ram” which comes from Latin arietare meaning “ram; battering ram” derived from a Proto-Indo-European root word meaning “goat, sheep” or “spring, jump”.

Aries is also a surname that derives from a different etymology. It could be a variant of Airey, a place name derived from Old Norse eyrara meaning “gravel-bank stream”, referring to someone who lived by a gravel bank. It may also have been a variant spelling of Arras, denoting someone who came from the city of Arras in France.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European, Old Norse

Variants:

  • Arian
  • Arietis

 

Ruth

Ruth is a Hebrew female name of uncertain origin though the most popular theory is that it is linked to Hebrew re’ut meaning “companion” or “friend”, though other possible theories include: “refreshment”, “appearance, beauty”, and “pasture”. Ruth may also be related to Middle English word ruthe or reuth meaning “pity, compassion”, “sorrow, grief” derived from Old Norse hryggð (sorrow, grief). Ruth is also a Limburgish short form of Rutger, the Dutch form of Roger meaning “famous spear” from Germanic elements hrod (fame) and ger (spear). Ruth is also a surname.

Origin: Hebrew, Old Norse, Germanic

Variants:

  • Ruthie (English)
  • Rut (Swedish, Spanish, Icelandic, Hebrew)
  • Routh (Greek)
  • Ruut (Finnish)
  • Rūta (Lithuanian)
  • Ruta (Polish)
  • Rute (Portuguese)
  • Ruf (Russian)

 

Ronald

Ronald is the Scottish form of Ragnvaldr, an Old Norse name meaning “powerful advice” or “counsel ruler” from Old Norse elements regin (advice, counsel) and valdr (power, ruler, leader) and a cogante of Germanic name Reynold. Ronald is also a surname derived from the given name.

Nicknames: Ron, Ronny/Ronnie

Origin: Old Norse

Variants:

  • Raghnall (Irish, Scottish) pr. raynel
  • Ranald (Scottish form of Reynold)R
  • Ragnvaldr (Ancient Scandinavian)
  • Ragnvald (Danish, Norwegian, Swedish)
  • Raginald (Ancient Germanic form of Reynold)
  • Reinald (Ancient Germanic form of Reynold)
  • Reinhold (Ancient Germanic form & German form of Reynold)
  • Reinoud (Dutch cogante of Reynold)
  • Reinout (Dutch cognate of Reynold)
  • Reino (Finnish form of Reynold)
  • Renaud (French form of Reynold)
  • Reynaud (French form of Reynold)
  • Rinaldo (Italian form of Reynold)
  • Reinaldo (Spanish & Portuguese form of Reynold)
  • Reynaldo (Spanish & Portuguese form of Reynold)
  • Ronaldo (Portuguese form of Ronald)
  • Rheinallt (Welsh form of Reynold)
  • Reginald (Latinized form of Reynold)
  • Reginaldus (Latinized form of Reynold)

 

Female forms:

  • Ronalda (Scottish)
  • Ronnette (English)
  • Ronette (English)

 

Tova

Tova is a Hebrew female name meaning “good”, though it’s also a Swedish variant of Tove, a modern form of Old Norse Tófa which is a short form of Old Norse Þórfríðr (or Thorfrither) meaning “Thor is beautiful” or “beautiful Thor” from Þórr/Thor (Thor) and fríðr (beautiful, beloved), Thor being the Norse god of thunder, strength, war and storms; his name fittingly means “thunder”.

Origin: Hebrew, Old Norse

Variants:

  • Tovah (Hebrew)
  • Tove (Swedish)
  • Tuva (Swedish, Norwegian)
  • Þórfríðr (Ancient Scandinavian)
  • Thorfrithr

 

Olin

Olin is a unisex name, a feminine form of Oline from Scandinavian male name Ole, the Danish and Norwegian masculine form of Olaf which comes from Old Norse Áleifr meaning “ancestor’s descendant” from Old Norse elements anu (ancestor) and leifr (descendant). Olin could also be the male form of Olina which also comes from the same source as Oline. Spelled Olenit’s the Russian word for “deer” as well as also possibly being a variat of Middle English holin, the word for holly.

As a surname, Olin could be from Germanic element odal meaning “heritage, fatherland”.

Origin: Old Norse, Russian, Middle English, Germanic

Female forms:

  • Oline (Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Finnish, Greenlandic)
  • Olina (Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Greenlandic, Finnish)

 

Male forms:

  • Ole (Danish, Norwegian)
  • Olaf (Danish, Norwegian, German, Dutch, Polish)
  • Olen

 

Valdis

Valdis is used as a short form of Latvian male name Voldemārs, the Latvian cognate of Germanic Waldemar which is derived from Slavic Vladimir meaning “famous ruler” or “great ruler” or “ruler of the world” from elements vladeti (to rule, to control) and meru (great, famous), though the second element of the name has also been associated with miru meaning “peace, world” so the name could also mean “peaceful ruler” or “world ruler”.

Valdis is also a variant form of Valdís, a female name composed from Old Norse valr “the dead (of battle)” or “the slain (in Valhalla)” and dís (goddess) so the name essentially means “goddess of the slain in battle”. It also seems to be a surname derived from the given name.

Origin: Slavic, Old Norse

Variants:

  • Voldemārs (Latvian)
  • Waldemar (German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish)
  • Vladimir (Russian, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovene, Medieval Slavic)
  • Waldomar (Ancient Germanic)
  • Valdimárr (Old Norse)
  • Wealdmær (Anglo-Saxon)
  • Uladzimir (Belarusian)
  • Vladimír (Czech, Slovak)
  • Valdemar (Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish)
  • Vladimer (Georgian)
  • Valdemaras (Lithuanian)
  • Visvaldas (Lithuanian)
  • Vladimiras (Lithuanian)
  • Voldemaras (Lithuanian)
  • Valdas (Lithuanian short form of Valdemaras)
  • Włodzimierz (Polish)
  • Volodymyr (Ukrainian)
  • Wolodymyr (Ukrainian)
  • Vsevolod (Russian, Ukrainian, Medieval Slavic)
  • Vladilen (Russian contraction of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin)
  • Vladlen (Russian contraction of Vladimir Lenin)

 

Female forms

  • Vladimira (Slovene Croatian)
  • Vladimíra (Czech, Slovak)

 

Finn

Finn comes from an Irish name meaning “fair”, “blessed” or “white” derived from Proto-Celtic *windos (white). Finn is the older spelling of Fionn, which belongs to the name of a warrior in Irish myth known as Fionn mac Cumhaill (or Finn MacCool in English) and the leader of the Fianna. His birth name was Deimne but he was later nicknamed Fionn when his hair turned prematurely white.

Finn also comes from Old Norse Finnr meaning “a Finn, a Sami, Lapp”, a given name and byname used to refer to someone who came from Finland or was part of the Sami people (also known as Lapps). Although the origin behind  finnr is uncertain it has been linked to Old Norse meaning “wanderer”. Finnr is the name of a dawrf mentioned in the Völuspá, the first poem in the Poetic Edda, a collection of Old Norse poems. Finn is also a surname which could be be derived from both sources, as well as being a short form of names like Finley, Finnegan, or Thorfinn/Torfinn

Origin: Proto-Celtic, Old Norse

Varinats:

  • Fionn (Irish)
  • Fion (Irish)
  • Finnagán (Irish diminutive of Fionn)
  • Fionnán (Irish diminutive of Fionn)
  • Finnán (older form of Fionnán)
  • Finnr (Ancient Scandinavian)
  • Finnur (Icelandic)
  • Fína (Greenlandic)
  • Finna (Greenlandic)

 

Female forms:

  • Fiona (Scottish, English)
  • Finna (female form of Finnr; Old Norse, Icelandic, Danish, Norwegian)

 

Saga

Saga is the name of an Old Norse goddess of wisdom and seems to be another name for the goddess Frigg. The name seems to come from Old Norse sjá meaning “to see”, likely in reference to the fact that she is a seeress. Saga is also a word derived from Old Norse saga meaning “saga, story”, cognate with Old English sagu (story, tale, statement). A saga originally referred to stories in Old Norse about ancient Scandinavian and Germanic history, sometimes romanticized about battles and heroes that happened in the past.

In Latin, saga means “fortune-teller, sooth-sayer, female sage”. It also seems to have some Japanese roots, the name of an emperor of Japan in the 9th century. Wikipedia writes his name with the kanji 嵯峨 meaning “steep, rugged + high mountain”. Saga is also a Japanese surname as well as the name of a prefecture in Japan, whose capital city is also called Saga.

Origin: Old Norse, Latin, Japanese