Xerxes

Xerxes (pr. zurk-seez) is the Greek form of Persian Khshayarsha meaning “ruler over heroes” or “ruler among kings” or even “hero among heroes”.

Origin: Old Persian

Variants:

  • Khshayarsha (Ancient Persian)

 

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Rose

Rose is the name of a flower which derives from Latin rosa meaning “rose” via Greek rhodon (rose) which may ultimately be derived from Persian *wrda- (rose), though it may also derive from Proto-Indo-European *wṛdho- meaning “sweetbriar”. Rose was also originally the Norman form of Germanic names beginning with hrod meaning “fame”, originally spelled Rohese or Roese. Rose is also a short form of names like Rosamund, Rosaline or Rosalind, in which case the first part of the name comes from Germanic hros meaning “horse”. Rose is also a surname, derived as a place name for someone who lived near where roses grew or as a nickname for someone with a rosy complexion.

Origin: Persian, Proto-Indo-European, Germanic

Variants:

  • Rosa (Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, German, English)
  • Roza (Ancient Germanic, Russian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian)
  • Rosalia (Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Late Roman)
  • Rozalia (Polish, Romanian)
  • Rosalie (French, German, Dutch, English)
  • Rosalee (English)
  • Rosamund (English)
  • Rosalind (English)
  • Rosaline (English)
  • Rosie (English)

 

Dario

Dario is the Italian and Croatian form of Darius, the Roman form of Greek Dareios which ultimately comes from Persian Dārayavahush meaning “to possess excellence” or “he who holds firm to good” from dâraya (to possess, to hold) and vahu (good). Dario is also a surname originating from the given name.

Origin: Persian

Variants:

  • Dário (Portuguese)
  • Darío (Spanish)
  • Darius (English, Lithuanian, Romanian)
  • Dareios (Ancient Greek)
  • Darayavahush (Old Persian)
  • Daryawesh (Biblical Hebrew)
  • Darijus (Lithuanian)
  • Dariush (Persian)
  • Daryush (Persian)
  • Dariusz (Polish)

 

Female forms:

  • Daria (Italian, Polish, Romanian, Croatian, Late Greek, English)
  • Dareia (Late Greek)
  • Darija (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene)
  • Darya (Russian, Belarusian)
  • Darja (Slovene, Czech)
  • Tarja (Finnish)
  • Dariya (Ukrainian)
  • Odarka (Ukrainian)

 

Jaspera

Jaspera is the feminine form of Jasper, a variant of Gaspar or Caspar which comes from a Persian name possibly meaning “treasurer” or “keeper of treasure”. It was one of the names of the Three Magi who visited baby Jesus. Jasper is also the name of a variety of an opaque variety of quartz composed of red, yellow, brown or green colors. The name comes from Old French jaspre via Latin iaspidem, a nominative form of Greek iaspis meaning “jasper” possibly borrowed from an oriental language- comparable to Hebrew yashpeh and Akkadian yashupu which may be derived from an Egyptian source or a Persian one.

Origin: Persian, Ancient Egyptian

Variants:

  • Jasperine
  • Jasperina

 

Male forms:

  • Jasper (English, Dutch)
  • Casper (Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish)
  • Kasper (Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian)
  • Kaspar (German)
  • Caspar (Latin)
  • Gaspar (Spanish, Portuguese)
  • Jesper (Danish, English)
  • Gaspard (French)
  • Gáspár (Hungarian)
  • Gaspare (Italian)
  • Gasparo (Italian)
  • Kaspars (Latvian)
  • Kasparas (Lithuanian)
  • Kacper (Polish)
  • Gašper (Slovene)

 

Tyrus

Tyrus has several possible meanings and origins such as

  • being the Latin name of Greek Tyros, the name of an ancient Phoenician port city now known as Tyre, Lebanon (or Sur/Sour in Arabic). It was supposedly the birth place of Europa, who was the mother of King Minos of Crete who was abducted by the Greek god Zeus in the form of a white bull; the continent of Europe was named after her; and Dido, the ill-fated lover of Aeneas and the founder of Carthage (in what is now modern day Tunisia). The name means “rock” after the rocky formation of the island from Phoenician ṣūr (rock);
  • Tyrus could also be a combination of given names Tyrone, which comes from Irish meaning “land of Eoghan”, and Cyrus which comes from Kyros, the Greek form of Persian Kurush of unknown meaning though possibly meaning “far-sighted”, “young”, “sun”, “hero”, “one who bestows care”, and “humiliator of the enemy in verbal contest”. The name has also possibly been associated with Greek kyrios meaning “lord”;
  • as a surname, Tyrus could be a variant of Tyer, which comes from a Germanic personal name Theudhard meaning “hardy people” or “brave race/strong race” from Germanic elements theod (people, race) and hard (hardy, brave, strong); it may also be related to Tye, a Middle English topographic name meaning “common pasture”, referring to someone who lived near one;
  • Tyer may also be a shortened form of McIntyre, a Scottish surname meaning “son of the craftsman”.

Origin: Phoenician, Irish, Persian, Greek, Ancient Germanic, Middle English, Scottish

Variants:

  • Tyros (Greek)
  • Tyre

 

Aster

Aster is the name of a flower derived from Greek astḗr meaning “star”. It could also have been used as either a misspelling or a variant spelling of Esther, a name of uncertain etymology though it could be related to Persian meaning “star”; Esther has also been linked to Ishtar, the Mesopotamian goddess of love, fertility, and war, though the meaning is unknown. As a surname, it could be derived from Middle High German agelster meaning “magpie”.

Origin: Greek, Persian

Variants:

  • Astra (English)
  • Astraea (Greek)
  • Astraia (Greek)
  • Esther (English, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish)
  • Ester (Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Czech, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish)

 

Dana

Dana is an English unisex name though it has multiple origins and meanings. As an English given name it’s derived from a surname, a variant of Dane, referring to someone who came from Denmark or had Danish descent. It could also be a variant of D’Aunay, a Huguenot French name derived from several place names in France called Aunay, of unknown meaning.

It’s also the feminine form of Daniel, a Hebrew male name meaning “God is my judge”, or a feminine form of Dan “judge”, as well as meaning a nickname for names such as Bogdana, a Slavic female name meaning “given by God”; Yordana, the Bulgarian feminine form of Jordan meaning “descend” or “flow down” though the name could also have been influenced by Jordanes, an Old German name that probably derives from Old Norse jord meaning “earth”; and Gordana, the feminine form of Gordan, a Slavic name meaning dignified”.  Dana is also a Persian unisex name meaning “wise”, “knowing”, “learned”. Spelled dána, it’s an Irish word meaning “bold” and “presumptuous”, as well as also being a modern form of Danu, the name of an Irish mother goddess and also a Hindu primordial goddess of the sea. Though the etymology behind the name is unclear I’ve seen it listed as meaning “swift flowing” though it also means “river” from the Avestan word dānu meaning “river”; the Danube river comes from this etymology.

Origin: English, Hebrew, Slavic, Persian, Irish,

Variants:

  • Dayna (English)

 

Artemis

Artemis is the Greek goddess of the hunt, wild animals, childbirth, and fertility, as well as a protecteress of young girls. A huntress who is often depicted with a bow and arrow, Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto and the twin sister of Apollo. Some versions of the myth say Artemis was born first and helped her mother give birth to Apollo, and Artemis herself remained a virgin, forsaking any relationships with men. She’s also been associated with the moon (and Apollo with the sun). As for her name, Artemis is of uncertain etymology and meaning with some sources citing it as pre-Greek. It could possibly be related to Persian *arte or *arta meaning “great, excellent, holy” or from Greek árktos meaning “bear” since she did have a link to bears. The name has also been associated with Greek artemes “safe”, artamos “butcher”, artios “perfect, complete”.

Although Artemis is the name of a Greek goddess, it’s also had some usage as a boy’s name, making it unisex.

Origin: Persian, Greek

Feminine forms:

  • Artemisia (Ancient Greek, English)
  • Artemisa (Romanian)

 

Male forms:

  • Artemas
  • Artemus
  • Artemisios (Ancient Greek)
  • Artemidorus (Ancient Greek)
  • Artemidoros (Ancient Greek)

 

Risa

Risa is a Japanese female name with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used, made of Japanese elements ri meaning: 梨 “pear”, 里 “village, hometown”, 理 “reason, logic”, “jasmine”; and sa meaning: 紗 “gauze”, 沙 “sand”,  “assistant, help”; and likely other meanings. It could also be a short form of names like Parisa, a Persian name meaning “fairy, like a fairy” or Marisa, a combination of given names Maria (the Latin form of Mary which ultimately comes from Hebrew female name Miriam, a name of unknown meaning though possible meanings ascribed to it are “sea of bitterness”, “rebelliousness” or “obstinacy”, and “wished for child”. It’s also possible that it might be derived from an Egyptian name either meaning “beloved” from myr, or from mr “love”) and Luisa (the feminine form of Luis, the Spanish form of Louis ultimately derived from a Germanic name meaning “famous war/battle”

Risa is also the Spanish word for “laughter, laugh” which comes from Latin risus/rideo. 

Origin: Japanese, Persian, Hebrew, Germanic, Latin

 

Variants:

  • Marisa
  • Parisa