Rita

Rita is a short form of Margarita, the Latinate form of Margaret which comes from Ancient Greek margarítēs meaning “pearl” ultimately derived from Sanskrit manyari. I’ve also seen it listed as also being an Indian female name, derived from Sanskrit rit meaning “true, enlightened, luminous, brave, honest” .

Rita is also a Japanese female name with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used, such as 理多 “reason + abundance, many”, 莉多 “jasmine + abundance, many”, and other meanings depending on the kanji used.

Origin: Sanskrit, Japanese

Variants:

  • Margarita (Spanish, Russian, Bulgarian, Lithuanian, Late Roman)
  • Margherita (Italian)

 

Gita

Gita is an Indian female name meaning “song” from Sanskrit gītā (song). The Bhagavad Gita (the divine song) is a Hindu epic poem in which the god Krishna and the prince Arjuna have a philosophical dialogue about the righteousness of battle against friends and family (Arjuna is about to battle his own cousin). 

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Geet (Hindi, Urdu)

 

Mina

Mina is an Indian female name meaning “fish” in Sanskrit, as well as used as the Sanskrit term for the constellation Pisces; Minali is a variant of the name meaning “fish catcher”. It’s also a short form of Wilhelmina, the feminine form of Wilhelm, a German cognate of William meaning “wilfull protection” or “desiring protection” from Germanic elements wil (will, desire) and helm (helmet, protection). Mina is also a Japanese female name with various meanings depending on the kanji used, made up of Japanese elements mi 美 (beauty, beautiful), 未 (have not come, future), 実 (reality, truth); and na 奈 (apple tree, what),那 (what), 菜 (vegetables, greens), 和 (harmony), 愛 (love, affection); and likely other meanings.

Mina is also a Persian female name meaning “enamel, glaze” or “lapis lazuli”, as well as being the Pashto word for “love”, as well as also being the Arabic word for “port”. Mina is also a Korean female name written with Hangul (Korean alphabet) 미나 with various meanings depending on the hanja (Korean name for Chinese characters) used to write out the syllables. One such meaning for  (mi) is “beauty” (), “small” (), “not” (未), “rice” (米), “name of a mountain” (嵋), while 나 (na) means “I” in first person singular. Written with the hangul 민아 with various meanings depending on the hanja used 민 (min) “keen, sensitive” (敏), “jade” (珉), “jade” (), “heaven” (旻); and 아 (a): “elegant, neat, tidy” (雅), “good, beautiful” (娥), “oh, ah” (娥); and other meanings.

As well as being a female name, Mina is also an Egyptian Arabic male name which seems to come from Menes, the Greek form of an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh which seems to mean “He who endures” from Egyptian verb mnj and has also been linked to Memphis, the name of an ancient city in Egypt which is the Ancient Greek form of Egyptian Men-nefer meaning “enduring and beautiful” from mn (enduring) and nfr (beautiful). Menes, the first pharoah of Egypt who united Lower and Upper Egypt into one kingdom; his name is believed to have been an epithet rather than an actual name of a person long since forgotten.

Mina is also a surname as well as being a given name, derived from any place name called Mina, or from Portuguese and Spanish mina meaning “mine”, likely referring to a place where a mine was located. It could also be a variant form of Minas derived from Greek given name Menas from Menes, or from Arabic given name Minnah meanin “gift, charity, good deed”.

Origin: Sanskrit, German, Japanese, Persian, Korean, Ancient Egyptian

 

Variants:

  • Meena (Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Tamil)
  • Mi-na (Korean)
  • Mi-nah (Korean)
  • Minali (Indian, Hindi)

 

Vidya

Vidya is an Indian unisex name meaning “knowledge, science, learning”, “correct knowledge”, “clarity”, coming from the same root word as Veda from Sanskrit vetti (to know, to understand) from Proto-Indo-European root word *weyd (to see). It’s also one of the epithets of the Hindu goddess Sarasvati (also spelled Saraswati).

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Widya (Indonesian)

 

Akali

Akali is a term meaning “timeless, immortal, deathless, everlasting” from prefix a- (un) and kal (death) referring to something that is undying or cannot die. It’s derived from a Punjabi word, Akal, meaning “The Timeless One”. It was also used to refer to the Nihang and the Khalsa, both groups made up of Sikh warriors, as well as the name of a political movement in India.

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Akal

 

Shiva

Shiva is the Hindu god of destruction and transformation in Hindu mythology, and one of the principle gods in Hinduism along with Brahma and Vishnu, as well as being the husband of the mother goddess Parvati. His name comes from Sanskrit Śivá meaning “auspicious, benign, gracious, kind”. Shiva is also a Persian female name meaning “charming, eloquent”. In Judaism, Shiva is a week-long mourning period for a close relative derived from Hebrew shiv’áh meaning “seven”.

Origin: Sanskrit, Persian, Hebrew

Variants:

  • Sheeva (Indian, Persian, English)
  • Siva (Tamil, Indian, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam)

 

Nikita

Nikita is a Russian male name, the Russian form of Greek Niketas meaning “winner, victor”, or from Greek Aniketos meaning “unconquerable”. It’s also an Indian female name originating from a completely different source, from Sanskrit niketa meaning “house, habitation”.

Origin: Ancient Greek, Sanskrit

Female variants:

  • Niketa (Indian, Marathi, Hindi)

 

Male variants:

  • Mykyta (Ukrainian)
  • Mikita (Belarusian)
  • Niketas (Ancient Greek)
  • Aniketos (Ancient Greek)

 

Topaz

Topaz comes from Old French topaze, topace which comes from Greek topazos which is derived from Sanskrit tapas meaning “heat, fire”. However, according to Roman author, naturalist, and philosopher Pliny, the name came from a remote island in the Red Sea called Topazein meaning “to divine, to locate” though that seems to be folk etymology rather than fact.

Topaz is the birthstone of Novemer and associated with love and good luck, as well as believed to have healing properties.

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Topaze

 

Veda

Veda is an Indian female name meaning “knowledge, understanding”, “true knowledge”, “knowledge of ritual” or “sacred knowledge, sacred lore” deriving from Sanskrit vetti (to know, to understand) whic comes from the root word vid (to know) from Proto-Indo-European root word *weyd (to see).

The Vedas are the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism. There are four Vedas: Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and the Atharvaveda.

Veda also seems to be a Turkish word meaning “farewell, goodbye, parting” from Arabic wada (goodbye, farewell), though I don’t know it it’s ever used as a given name in Turkey.

Origin: Sanskrit, Arabic

 

वेद (Sanskrit)- Veda

వేద (Telugu)- Veda

ವೇದ (Kannada)- Veda