Nanaka is a Japanese female name with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used, such as “vegetables, greens + flower” (菜々花/ 菜々華); “vegetables, greens + summer” (菜々夏); “vegetables, greens + fragrance” (菜々香); “vegetables, greens + day, sun, Japan” (菜々日); “seven +flower, splendor” (七華); and likely other meanings. Nanaka was also the name of an ancient village in India (now known as Nana) although I couldn’t find a meaning behind the name.
Apollo is the Greek god of prophecy, medicine, the sun, light, music, poetry, plague and disease, and one of the most important gods in both the Greek and Roman pantheon. He is the twin brother of Artemis and often associated with the sun (and Artemis the moon), and the son of Zeus and Leto. His name is of uncertain etymology and meaning though the ancient Greeks often associated it with the Greek apollymi meaning “to destroy”. It’s also been associated with Doric apella “wall”, later referring to an assembly. Other possible theories regarding the name link it to Indo-European apelo “strength”, Greek apolusis “to redeem”, apolousis “purification”, apoloúōn “washing”, apolúōn “delivering”, aploun “simple”, and aei bállōn “always shooting (arrows)”. However, it seems more likely that Apollo is pre-Greek in origin, perhaps related to Appaliunas, an Anatolian god whose name possibly means “father light” or “father lion”, though it could also be related to the name of a Hittite god related to Aplu, a Hurrian and Hittite god of plague and healing; the name might be derived from Akkadian Aplu Enlil meaning “the son of Enlil”, a title given to the Mesopotamian god Nergal (who was the god of war, pestilence, and death), though I’ve also seen it listed as meaning “father light” or “father lion”. Appaliunas might also have a Luwian etymology (Luwian being an ancient language related to Anatolian and closely related to Hittite) from *appal- meaning “trap, snare, pitfall, ambush”.
Origin: Indo-European, Greek, Akkadian
- Apollon (Ancient Greek)
- Apollinaris (Ancient Greek)
- Apollonios (Ancient Greek)
- Apollinaire (French)
- Apolinary (Polish)
- Apolinar (Spanish)
- Apollodorus (Ancient Greek)
- Apollodoros (Ancient Greek)
- Apollonia (Ancient Greek, Italian)
- Apollodora (Ancient Greek)
- Apolena (Slovak, Czech)
- Apolonia (Spanish, Polish)
- Apolline (French)
Ravi is an Indian male name meaning “sun” in Sanskrit as well as also being a synonym with Surya which also means “sun” in Sanskrit. In Hindu myth, Surya is the god of sun and Ravi is one of many names he is known by.
Haru is a Japanese unisex name (as well as a word) meaning “spring” 春 and is also used as a name element in names like Haruko, a female name meaning 春子 “spring child”; Haruna meaning 春菜 “spring vegetables, greens”, 春渚 “spring + beach, shore, strand”; or Haruka meaning 遥 “far off, distant”, 春香 “spring + fragrance”, 春花 “spring flower”, or 春佳 “spring + beautiful/good/excellent”, or other various meanings. Haru also means 陽 (sun) and 晴 (clear up, clear weather), though there are likely other meanings.
- Haruko (f)
- Haruna (f)
- Haruka (u)
Hikaru is a Japanese unisex name meaning “light” with the kanji 光 or “brightness” with the kanji 輝. Because it’s a unisex name, some kanji characters are used specifically for females while others are used for males only. Some kanji characters used for females are: 光佳留 “light + beautiful, good, excellent + to stay, to keep, to remain, to study abroad”; 光流 “light + to flow, current, flow, stream; to drift, to wander”; 光海 “light + sea, ocean”; 光留 “light + to stay, to keep, to remain, to study abroad”; 妃夏瑠 “a ruler’s wife, queen, empress + summer + precious stone, gem, lapis lazuli”; 妃華瑠 “a rulers wife, queen, empress + flower, splendor + precious stone, gem, lapis lazuli”; 妃香瑠 “a ruler’s wife, queen, empress + fragrance, fragrant + precious stone, gem, lapis lazuli”; while some kanji used for men are: 光琉 “light + precious stone, gem, lapis lazuli”; 太陽 “sun”; 晃 “clear”; and 流星 “to flow, current, flow, stream; to drift, to wander + star”; 弘明 “to spread, enlarge, expand, great + clear, tomorrow, bright”; and many more depending on the kanji.
Sol is the Latin name for “sun”, and the name of the Roman god of the sun as well as being the Spanish and Potuguese word for “sun” deriving from Latin as well. It’s also a short form of Solomon, deriving from Hebrew shalom meaning “peace”. As a surname, it’s seems to have originated from Latin sol.
Spelled Sól, it’s the name of the Norse goddess of the sun; her name means “sun” in Old Norse.
Sol, also spelled as Sul and Seol, is also a Korean surname although I couldn’t manage to find an exact meaning behind it. Sol is also a Korean unisex given name meaning “pine tree” in Hangul; it can be used on its own or as part of a compound name.
Origin: Latin, Hebrew, Old Norse, Korean
- Sola (f)
- Sole (Italian, Spanish)
솔 (Hangul)– Sol