Caledon seems to be a shortened form of Caledonia, the old Latin name for Scotland in the northern part of Britain. Apparently the name is derived from a Pictish tribe in northern Scotland called the Caledonii which could be related to Proto-Celtic word *kaletos- meaning “hard/hardy, tough” from Proto-Indo-European *kal- (hard), perhaps in reference to the rocky land of the area or to the people. Caledon is also a surname derived from a place name, likely referring to someone who came from a town called Caledon.
Nicknames: Cal, Cale
Sandulf is a male name, either derived from Germanic elements sand (sand) and ulf (wolf) meaning “sand wolf” or it might be derived from Gothic elements sanths (true) and vulfs (wolf) meaning “true wolf”. It’s also a surname originating from the given name.
Origin: Ancient Germanic, Gothic
- Sandalius (Latin)
- Sandalio (Spanish)
Verona is the name of a city in Italy. The origin behind the name is unknown though there are some theories such as that it was a short form of Versus Romae meaning “in the direction of Roma” or that it comes from an expression, Vae Romae meaning “alas Roma” or “cursed Roma”. Verona is also a German contraction of Veronika, a cognate of Veronica which is the Latin transliteration of Berenice, itself the Latinized form of Macedonian Berenike from Greek Pherenike meaning “bringing victory” or “bringer of victory” from Greek elements pheros (to bring) and nike (victory). However, the name has also been associated with Latin vera iconica meaning “true image” in reference to Saint Veronica who apparently wiped Jesus’s face with the towel and whose image was imprinted upon it. It was known as the Veil of Veronica.
As a surname, it was used to refer to someone who lived in Verona or came from the city.
Verona has been used as a setting for three of Shakespeare’s plays: Romeo and Juliet, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, and The Taming of the Shrew.
Origin: Latin, Greek
Romeo is the Italian form of Late Latin Romaeus which comes from Greek rhomaios meaning “Roman”, used in reference to a pilgrim traveling to Rome or someone who was a former citizen of Rome. Probably the most famous bearer of this name is Romeo Montague from William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. It’s also a surname that originally referred to someone who came from Rome or who had made a pilgramage to Rome.
- Romaeus (Late Latin)
- Romanus (Late Latin)
- Romano (Italian)
- Romolo (Italian)
- Roman (Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian, Slovene, Croatian, German)
- Roma (Russian diminutive of Roman)
- Romain (French)
- Román (Spanish, Hungarian)
- Romà (Catalan)
- Romão (Portuguese)
- Romulus (Latin)
- Romana (Italian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Late Roman)
- Romola (Italian)
- Romaine (French)
- Romane (French)
- Romayne (English)
- Romána (Hungarian)
Olin is a unisex name, a feminine form of Oline from Scandinavian male name Ole, the Danish and Norwegian masculine form of Olaf which comes from Old Norse Áleifr meaning “ancestor’s descendant” from Old Norse elements anu (ancestor) and leifr (descendant). Olin could also be the male form of Olina which also comes from the same source as Oline. Spelled Olen, it’s the Russian word for “deer” as well as also possibly being a variat of Middle English holin, the word for holly.
As a surname, Olin could be from Germanic element odal meaning “heritage, fatherland”.
Origin: Old Norse, Russian, Middle English, Germanic
- Oline (Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Finnish, Greenlandic)
- Olina (Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Greenlandic, Finnish)
- Ole (Danish, Norwegian)
- Olaf (Danish, Norwegian, German, Dutch, Polish)
Terry is an English unisex name originally used as a diminutive of Terence (which comes from Roman family name Terentius which is of uncertain meaning though it could be derived from Latin terens meaning “rubbing, wearing away” from Latin terere (to rub, to wear out) though it might also be related to Sabine terenus meaning “soft”) or Theresa ( comes from Greek Therasia, the name of an island (the name is of uncertain meaning but has been linked to several possible meanings such as Greek theros “summer”, therizo “to harvest, to reap”, ther “wild beast”, or therao “to hunt”).
As an surname, however, Terry comes from medieval given name Thierry, the Norman French form of Theodoric meaning “ruler of the people” from Germanic elements theud (people) and ric (power); it could also be an anglicized form of Gaelic surname Mac Toirdhealbhaigh meaning “son of Toirdhealbhach”, the latter being a personal given name meaning “one who is like Thor” or “one who is like thunder”; or it’s a French surname deirved from Occitan terrin meaning “earthenware vessel, earthenware vase”, an occupational surname for a potter, which comes from Latin terra (earth).
Origin: Latin, Greek, Germanic, Gaelic
Aster is the name of a flower derived from Greek astḗr meaning “star”. It could also have been used as either a misspelling or a variant spelling of Esther, a name of uncertain etymology though it could be related to Persian meaning “star”; Esther has also been linked to Ishtar, the Mesopotamian goddess of love, fertility, and war, though the meaning is unknown. As a surname, it could be derived from Middle High German agelster meaning “magpie”.
Origin: Greek, Persian
- Astra (English)
- Astraea (Greek)
- Astraia (Greek)
- Esther (English, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish)
- Ester (Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Czech, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish)
Hermes is the name of the Greek god of commerce and trade, known as the trickster god and the protector of thieves, travelers, and athletes, as well as a messenger of the gods and the god of boundaries. He guided the souls of the dead to the underworld. The son of Zeus and Maia, one of the Pleiades, the day after his birth when he was just an infant, Hermes stole his half-brother Apollo’s cattle. When Apollo tracked him down, Hermes gave him a lyre he had just invented from the shell of a tortoise as an apology. He is the father of Autolycus, the Prince of Thieves, and the great-grandfather of the hero Odysseus. Although the etymology of the name has been linked to Greek herma meaning “cairn, pile of stones, boundary marker” it could also be related to Proto-European *ser “to bind, put together”; or it could be related to an older word of non-European origin.
Hermes is also a surname, either derived from the name of the Greek god or it could be a Germanic matronynic surname from the given name Ermens, a short form of either Ermelendis (derived from Germanic elements ermen “whole, universal” and linde “soft, tender”) or Ermgart (likely a short form of Ermengarde, also a Germanic name from Germanic ermen “whole, universal” and garde “enclosure”). As a French surname, it could have arisen as a topographic name for someone who lived in a deserted spot or a patch of barren land from Greek eremia “desert, desolate, lonely uninhabited” and the local suffix –ès.
Origin: Ancient Greek, Proto-European, Ancient Germanic
- Hermès (French)
- Ermes (Italian)
- Ermete (Italian)
- Ermis (Modern Greek)
- Hermione (Ancient Greek)
- Hermia (English)
Dennis is the English form of Dionysius, the name of the Greek god of the vine, wine, pleasure, festivity, madness, and wild frenzy, who represented both the intoxicating madness of wine as well as its beneficient qualities. He was the son of Zeus and the Theban princess Semele, making him the only god with a mortal parent and the last god to enter the Greek pantheon.
Although the etymology of his name isn’t quite clear-cut, the first part of the name, Dio-, means “of Zeus” though it could also be related to Proto-Indo-European *dyews meaning “sky, heaven, god” and “shining”. The second part -nysus might be derived from Nysa, the name of a mountain in which Dionysios was raised by the nymphs who loved there; the name might be related to an archaic Greek word meaning “tree”.
Dennis is also a surname derived from the given name.
Origin: Ancient Greek, Proto-Indo-European
- Denis (French, Russian, English, German, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Romanian, Croatian)
- Denys (Ukrainian, English)
- Denny (English)
- Dennie (English)
- Dionýz (Slovak)
- Dionisie (Romanian)
- Dénes (Hungarian)
- Tenney (medieval English diminutive of Denis)
- Dinis (Portuguese)
- Diniz (Portuguese)
- Dionísio (Portuguese)
- Dionisio (Spanish)
- Deon (English)
- Deion (English)
- Dion (Ancient Greek, English short form of Dionysios)
- Dionysos (Ancient Greek)
- Dionysios (Ancient Greek)
- Dionysius (Ancient Greek)
- Denise (English, French, Dutch)
- Denice (English)
- Deniece (English)
- Denisa (Czech, Slovak, Romanian)
- Dionisia (Italian, Spanish)
- Dionísia (Portuguese)
- Dionysia (Late Roman)
- Diot (Medieval English diminutive of Dionysia)
- Dye (Medieval English diminutive of Dionysia)
Kyri (pr. kee-ree or kye-ree) could be a variant spelling of Kyrie, which comes from the Greek phrase Kyrie eleison meaning “Lord, have mercy”, the vocative form of Kyrios meaning “lord” or “master”. It could also be another form of Kiri, a Maori female name meaning “peel”, “skin” or “bark, rind” referring to the “bark of a tree” as well as an Indonesian and Malay word meaning “left”. Kiri is also a Maltese word meaning “hire” or “rental”, an Estonian word meaning “writing”, “letter”, “script”, as well as a Japanese female name meaning “pear tree” (樹梨) or “fog, mist” (霧) though there are other meanings depending on the kanji used. It’s also the word for the paulownia tree (桐). Kyri is also a surname, likely derived from the Greek meaning of the name.
Origin: Greek, Maori, Indonesian, Malay, Maltese, Estonian, Japanese
- Kyrie (Ancient Greek, English)
- Kiri (Maori, Indonesian, Malay, Maltese, Estonia, Japanese, English)
- Kyria (Ancient Greek)
- Kyrios (Ancient Greek)
- Kyriakos (Ancient Greek)