Kato

Kato is an African male name meaning “second of twins” in Luganda, as well as also being a Japanese surname (also spelled Katō or Katou) meaning “increase wisteria” (加藤) though it could have other meanings if other kanji are used. It’s pronounced ka-toe in Japanese. Kato could also be a variant spelling of Cato, an Ancient Roman cognomen meaning “wise” in Latin. Cato is also a Dutch diminutive of Catharina, the Dutch and Swedish form of Katherine. Katherine comes from Greek name Aikaterine though the etymology behind the name is not certain. It could be derived from another Greek name, Hekaterine from hekateros meaning “each of the two” or from Hecate, the name of the Greek goddess of witchcraft, the underworld, and crossroads, from hekas possibly meaning “far off” though another theory states it comes from a Greek word meaning “will”. It might also be derived from Greek aikia “torture”. Katherine could also be from a Coptic name meaning “my consecration of your name”. The spelling of the name was later changed to be associated with Greek katharos “pure”.

Origin: East African (Luganda), Japanese, Latin, Greek, Coptic

Variants:

  • Kató (Icelandic, Hungarian)
  • Cato (Ancient Roman, Dutch, English)

 

Camelia

Camelia is the Romanian spelling of Camellia, the name of a genus of flowering shrubs named after botanist Georg Kamel. Kamel seems to be a variant of either Latin Camelus meaning “camel” via Ancient Greek kamēlos meaning “camel” derived from Proto-Semitic *gamal (camel); or it could be a Moravian form of Camillus, a Roman cognomen which refers to a noble Roman boy who served as an acolyte assisting in ancient Roman rituals. Though it’s often associated with Latin it seems more likely that the name comes from a Etruscan source of unknown meaning.

Origin: Proto-Semitic, Latin, Etruscan

Variants:

  • Camélia (French)
  • Camellia (English)

 

Cassia

Cassia is the female form of Cassius, an Ancient Roman family name possibly derived from Latin cassus meaning “empty, vain”. It also means “cinnamon” in Latin and Greek, deriving from Hebrew qetzi’ah (cassia, cinnamon) (where the names Keziah comes from) from root word qatsa meaning “to cut off, strip off bark”. The name is pronounced either kash-uh or kas-ee-uh.

Origin: Hebrew

Variants:

  • Kassia (English, Greek)
  • Keziah
  • Kezia
  • Kassiani (Greek)
  • Cássia (Portuguese)

 

Male forms:

  • Cassius (Ancient Roman, English)
  • Kassius (English)

 

Maximus

Maximus is an Ancient Roman family name meaning “greatest” from Latin maximus. 

Nicknames: Max

Origin: Ancient Roman

Variants:

  • Maximos (Latin Greek)
  • Maksim (Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian, Macedonian)
  • Maxim (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian)
  • Maxime (French)
  • Massimo (Italian)
  • Maksym (Polish, Ukrainian)
  • Máximo (Spanish)
  • Macsen (Welsh)
  • Maxen (Welsh)
  • Maximilian (Ancient Roman)
  • Maximillian (English)
  • Maximilianus (Ancient Roman)
  • Maximillus
  • Maximilien (French)
  • Massimiliano (Italian)
  • Maximiliano (Spanish, Portuguese)
  • Maksimilian (Russian)
  • Maksymilian (Polish)
  • Maxmilián (Czech)
  • Maximilián (Slovak)

 

Female forms:

  • Maxima (Ancient Roman)
  • Maximiliana (Ancient Roman)
  • Máxima (Spanish)
  • Massima (Italian)
  • Maximiliane (German)
  • Maximilienne (French)
  • Maxine (English)
  • Maxene (English)

Lukan

Lukan is a variant spelling of Lucan, derived from Roman Lucanus meaning “from Lucania”, referring to someone who came from the city of Lucania located in southern Italy. The name seems to be derived from Ancient Greek *leukos meaning “white” and “bright, shining”, or it could be derived from Latin lucus meaning “sacred wood” or “sacred grove” (lucus is also a cognate of lucere meaning “shining, bright” from the same root word as *leukos). Lucan is also a place name in Ireland, deriving its name from Gaelic Leamhcán meaning “place of the elms” from leamhán (elm) and ceann (headland, point).

As well as being a given name, Lukan is also a surname which seems to be derived from the given name. Lucan is also the name of a character in the Arthurian legend, a knight of the Round Table, as well as Butler of the royal court.

Origin: Ancient Greek, Latin, Gaelic

Variants:

  • Lucan (English, Ancient Roman)
  • Lucanus (Ancient Roman)
  • Loukanos (Ancient Greek)

 

Titus

Titus comes from an Ancient Roman given name of unknown meaning though it has been linked to Latin titulus meaning “title of honor” or Latin titio “fire-brand”. It’s likely, however, that the name is pre-Roman in origin, possibly Sabine, and its true meaning lost to time. Titus is also a surname originating from the given name.

Origin: Latin, Sabine

Variants:

  • Tito (Italian, Spanish, Portuguese)
  • Tiitus (Estonian, Finnish)
  • Titos (Biblical Greek)
  • Titas (Lithuanian)
  • Tytus (Polish)
  • Tit (Russian)
  • Titius (Ancient Roman)

 

Female forms:

  • Titia (Ancient Roman, Dutch, German)
  • Tita (Ancient Roman)

 

Quinton

Quinton has two possible origins and meanings. The first is that it’s a variant spelling of Quentin, which is the French form of Roman name Quintinus derived from Quintus meaning “fifth” in Latin, used for a fifth child or a child born in the fifth month of the year.

Quinton is also an English surname meaning “Queen’s town” from Old English elements cwen (queen, woman) and tun (enclosure, settlement, town).

Origin: Latin, Old English

Variants:

  • Quentin (French, English)
  • Quinten (English, Dutch)
  • Quintin (English)
  • Quintinus (Ancient Roman)
  • Quintus (Ancient Roman)
  • Quintillus (Ancient Roman)
  • Quintilian (Ancient Roman)
  • Quintilianus (Ancient Roman)

 

Female forms:

  • Quintina (Ancient Roman)
  • Quinta (Ancient Roman)
  • Quintilla (Ancient Roman)

 

Maya, Maia

Maya is the name of the Mayan civilization and its people, a Mesoamerican civilization that stretched out in southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemela, El Salvador, and Honduras, though it’s of unknown meaning.  Maya is also an Indian girl’s name meaning “illusion” or “magic” in Sanskrit, featuring as a concept in Hinduism and Buddhism. In Hindu mythology, Maya is an epithet for Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, prosperity, and love, and Durga, a warrior goddess.

Maya is also a Hebrew female name meaning “water” derived from mayim (water).

In Japan, Maya is a unisex name that has a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used: “hemp,flax,linen + to be”; “ten thousand + to be”; “true + to be”; “true + night”; and “to rub, graze, grind + eight”; there are other meanings besides these.

Maya also seems to have been a male name in Ancient Egyptian, being the name of a High Priest of Amun in Ancient Egypt who lived during the 14th century during the reign of Akhenaten, as well as being the name of  a treasurer who lived in the 16th century, though I couldn’t find any meaning behind the name.

Maia is the name of one of the oldest of the Pleiades, seven nymphs who are the daughters of Atlas, a Titan, and Pleione, an Oceanid. By Zeus, she is the mother of the god Hermes, and also helped raise Arcas, the son of Zeus and Callisto, whose mother was turned into a bear by Hera. The name possibly means “good mother” in Greek, and was used as an honorific for motherly figures. Maia also means “midwife”.

Maia is also a Roman goddess of spring, the wife of Vulcan; her name comes from Latin maius meaning “great”, and the month of May is named after her.

Maia is also the Basque form of Maria, the Latin form of Hebrew name Miriam, a name of unknown meaning though possible meanings ascribed to it are “sea of bitterness”, “rebelliousness” or “obstinacy”, and “wished for child”. It’s also possible that it might be derived from an Egyptian name either meaning “beloved” from myr, or from mr “love”.

Maia means “palm tree” in the Maori language.

Origin: Sanskrit, Greek, Roman, Hebrew, Ancient Egyptian, Maori, Japanese

Variants:

  • Maja (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Polish)
  • Maïa (French)

 

Male forms:

  • Maj (Slovene)

 

 

Maya 麻也 (Japanese kanji) “hemp,flax,linen+to be

Maya 万也 (Japanese kanji) “ten thousand + to be”

Maya 真也 (Japanese kanji) “true + to be”

Maya 真夜 (Japanese kanji) “true + night”

Maya 摩八 (Japanese kanji)”to rub, graze, grind + eight”

 

 

Gaius

Gaius is a Roman given name though one of uncertain etymology. It could be derived from Latin gaudere meaning “to rejoice”. It’s also possible that it might be derived from Gaia, a feminine name meaning “earth” in Greek, or perhaps from an Etruscan source that has long since lost its meaning. Apparently it was a very common given name to the point that it became a generic term for a man, with Gaia being a generic term for a woman, as well as being used in marriage ceremonies- ex: “where you are Gaius, I am Gaia”.

Origin: Latin, Greek, Etruscan

Variants:

  • Caius (Ancient Roman)
  • Gaios (Ancient Greek)
  • Caio (Portugese)
  • Gaioz (Georgian)
  • Kajus (Lithuanian)

 

Female forms:

  • Gaia (Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek)
  • Caia (Ancient Roman)

 

Cato

Cato is an Ancient Roman cognomen meaning “wise” in Latin. Cato is also a Dutch diminutive of Catharina, the Dutch and Swedish form of Katherine. Katherine comes from Greek name Aikaterine though the etymology behind the name is not certain. It could be derived from another Greek name, Hekaterine from hekateros meaning “each of the two” or from Hecate, the name of the Greek goddess of witchcraft, the underworld, and crossroads, from hekas possibly meaning “far off” though another theory states it comes from a Greek word meaning “will”. It might also be derived from Greek aikia “torture”. Katherine could also be from a Coptic name meaning “my consecration of your name”. The spelling of the name was later changed to be associated with Greek katharos “pure”.

Origin: Latin, Greek, Coptic