Orin

Orin could be a variant of Orrin, itself an anglicized form of Odhrán, an Irish male name meaning “little pale green one”, or a variant spelling of Oren, a Hebrew male name meaning “pine tree”. It’s also a surname originating from the given name. Orin is also a Japanese female name with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used such as:

  • “cherry + small bell; buzzer” (桜鈴);
  • “at; in; on; as for + ethics; companion” (於倫)

In hiragana it’s written as おりん.

Origin: Irish, Hebrew, Japanese

Male forms:

  • Orrin (Irish)
  • Oren (Hebrew)
  • Odhrán (Irish)
  • Odran (Hebrew)
  • Oran (Irish)
  • Orren (English, Irish)

 

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Ruth

Ruth is a Hebrew female name of uncertain origin though the most popular theory is that it is linked to Hebrew re’ut meaning “companion” or “friend”, though other possible theories include: “refreshment”, “appearance, beauty”, and “pasture”. Ruth may also be related to Middle English word ruthe or reuth meaning “pity, compassion”, “sorrow, grief” derived from Old Norse hryggð (sorrow, grief). Ruth is also a Limburgish short form of Rutger, the Dutch form of Roger meaning “famous spear” from Germanic elements hrod (fame) and ger (spear). Ruth is also a surname.

Origin: Hebrew, Old Norse, Germanic

Variants:

  • Ruthie (English)
  • Rut (Swedish, Spanish, Icelandic, Hebrew)
  • Routh (Greek)
  • Ruut (Finnish)
  • Rūta (Lithuanian)
  • Ruta (Polish)
  • Rute (Portuguese)
  • Ruf (Russian)

 

Gilda

Gilda comes from Germanic element gild meaning “sacrifice, value”, originally a nickname for Ermenegilda, the Italian feminine form of Ermenegildo, itself the Italian form of Spanish and Portuguese name Hermenegildo which comes from a Visigothic name meaning “complete sacrifice” or “whole sacrifice” from Germanic elements ermen (whole, universal) and gild (sacrifice, value).

Gilda could also be from Old English gyldan meaning “to gild, to cover with a thin layer of gold” which comes from Proto-Germanic *gulthjan and gulþą (gold).

Gilda could also be the feminine form of Gildas, the Latinized form of a Celtic name. Though the etymology isn’t certain, it might be derived from Celtic elements *kCElyo (companion) + *dCEwo (a God) meaning “companion of God” or “servant of God”.

Origin: Germanic, Celtic

Male forms:

  • Gild
  • Gildas (Brythonic)