Helena is the Latinate form of Helen, the English form of Helene, an Ancient Greek name of uncertain etymology though it’s been linked to Greek helene meaning “torch” or “corposant”, though it might also be linked to selene meaning “moon”. Helena has different pronounciations depending on where you’re from. It’s he-LE-nah, hay-LAY-nah or he-le-nah. I prefer the he-le-nah pronounciation.
Origin: Ancient Greek
- Helen (English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Greek)
- Helene (Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Greek,
- Heleen (Dutch)
Jumal is the name of the Estonian god of the sky; the name means “god” in Estonian and Finnish, likely borrowed from the Proto-Indo-Iranian *diyumna, a cognate of Sanskrit dyuman (heavenly, shining, radiant). Jumal has also been used as a generic word used to refer to a god as well as also being used for the Christian God. Another possible meaning of the name is “twins” or it could be related to Mordvinic jondol meaning “lightning”.
Jumal could also be a variant transcription of Jamal, an Arabic male name meaning “handsome, beauty”.
- Jumala (Finnish
- Jumo (Mari)
Sofia is a variant of Sophia, which comes from Greek meaning “wisdom”.
- Sophia (Greek, English, German)
- Sophie (French, German, Dutch, English)
- Sofie (German, Danish, Dutch, Czech)
- Sohvi (Finnish)
- Žofia (Slovak)
- Sofiya (Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Russian)
- Sofya (Russian)
- Sofija (Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Lithuanian, Latvian)
- Žofie (Czech)
- Sopio (Georgian)
- Zsófia (Hungarian)
- Szonja (Hungarian)
- Soffía (Icelandic)
- Zofia (Polish)
- Zosia (Polish)
- Sofía (Spanish)
- Sonja (German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian)
- Sonje (German)
- Sonia (Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, English)
- Sonya (Russian, English)
Oliver is a male given name that has two possible origins. The first is that it could be from Germanic Alfhar from Old Norse Alvar meaning “elf warrior” or “elf army” from Old Norse elements alfr (elf) and arr (warrior, army); or it’s derived from another Old Norse name, Áleifr, meaning “ancestor’s descendant” from Old Norse anu (ancestor) and leifr (descendant). Oliver is also a surname originating from the given name.
Origin: Old Norse
- Olivier (Dutch, French)
- Olivér (Hungarian)
- Oliviero (Italian)
- Oliwier (Polish)
- Olivera (Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian)
- Olivette (English)
- Olivia (English, Spanish, Italian, German, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish)