Valdis

Valdis is used as a short form of Latvian male name Voldemārs, the Latvian cognate of Germanic Waldemar which is derived from Slavic Vladimir meaning “famous ruler” or “great ruler” or “ruler of the world” from elements vladeti (to rule, to control) and meru (great, famous), though the second element of the name has also been associated with miru meaning “peace, world” so the name could also mean “peaceful ruler” or “world ruler”.

Valdis is also a variant form of Valdís, a female name composed from Old Norse valr “the dead (of battle)” or “the slain (in Valhalla)” and dís (goddess) so the name essentially means “goddess of the slain in battle”. It also seems to be a surname derived from the given name.

Origin: Slavic, Old Norse

Variants:

  • Voldemārs (Latvian)
  • Waldemar (German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish)
  • Vladimir (Russian, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovene, Medieval Slavic)
  • Waldomar (Ancient Germanic)
  • Valdimárr (Old Norse)
  • Wealdmær (Anglo-Saxon)
  • Uladzimir (Belarusian)
  • Vladimír (Czech, Slovak)
  • Valdemar (Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish)
  • Vladimer (Georgian)
  • Valdemaras (Lithuanian)
  • Visvaldas (Lithuanian)
  • Vladimiras (Lithuanian)
  • Voldemaras (Lithuanian)
  • Valdas (Lithuanian short form of Valdemaras)
  • Włodzimierz (Polish)
  • Volodymyr (Ukrainian)
  • Wolodymyr (Ukrainian)
  • Vsevolod (Russian, Ukrainian, Medieval Slavic)
  • Vladilen (Russian contraction of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin)
  • Vladlen (Russian contraction of Vladimir Lenin)

 

Female forms

  • Vladimira (Slovene Croatian)
  • Vladimíra (Czech, Slovak)

 

Belisarius

Belisarius is the name of a renowned and famous general of the Byzantine Empire under the rule of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I and was called the Last of the Romans because he was believed to embody the values of the Ancient Roman civilization. The meaning behind the name is unknown. Belisarius was born in Illyria, the western part of the Balkan peninsula, so his name might be Illyric in origin. Another theory I’ve seen posted is that it might be derived from Slavonic Beli-tzar meaning “white prince” although that origin seems to be seriously in doubt. It’s also possible that his name is related to Belisama, a Celtic goddess whose name is uncertain though the first part of the name, bel-, which means either “bright” or “strong” or “powerful” while the second part of the name, -isama-, means “most” or “greatest” so the name essentially means “brightest” or “most powerful”. The second part of the name might also be related to Proto-Celtic *samos (summer) so the name may also mean “summer bright” which may make sense she is the goddess of fire and light as well as possibly being a goddess of the Ribble river in Merseyside, England.

Belisarius is also the name of a genus of scorpion.

Nicknames: Bel

Origin: Slavic, Proto-Celtic

Variants:

  • Belisario (Spanish, Italian)
  • Bellisario (Italian)
  • Bellisarius (English)
  • Bélisaire (French)

 

Female forms:

  • Belisaria (English)
  • Bellisaria (English)

 

Artemis

Artemis is the Greek goddess of the hunt, wild animals, childbirth, and fertility, as well as a protecteress of young girls. A huntress who is often depicted with a bow and arrow, Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto and the twin sister of Apollo. Some versions of the myth say Artemis was born first and helped her mother give birth to Apollo, and Artemis herself remained a virgin, forsaking any relationships with men. She’s also been associated with the moon (and Apollo with the sun). As for her name, Artemis is of uncertain etymology and meaning with some sources citing it as pre-Greek. It could possibly be related to Persian *arte or *arta meaning “great, excellent, holy” or from Greek árktos meaning “bear” since she did have a link to bears. The name has also been associated with Greek artemes “safe”, artamos “butcher”, artios “perfect, complete”.

Although Artemis is the name of a Greek goddess, it’s also had some usage as a boy’s name, making it unisex.

Origin: Persian, Greek

Feminine forms:

  • Artemisia (Ancient Greek, English)
  • Artemisa (Romanian)

 

Male forms:

  • Artemas
  • Artemus
  • Artemisios (Ancient Greek)
  • Artemidorus (Ancient Greek)
  • Artemidoros (Ancient Greek)

 

Onika

Onika is an African female name though there doesn’t seem to be a lot of accurate information on it. I’ve seen it with various meanings of “warrior”, or it could be derived from Yoruba meaning “one in possession of”, or it could be a short form of Onyekachi, an Igbo name meaning “who is greater than God?” Onika is also a Maori word meaning “onyx”. Spelled Oni-ka (鬼化) it’s a Japanese word meaning “devil”.

Origin: African, Maori, Japanese

Variants:

  • Oneika
  • Onyeka (short form of Onyekachi)

 

Maximus

Maximus is an Ancient Roman family name meaning “greatest” from Latin maximus. 

Nicknames: Max

Origin: Ancient Roman

Variants:

  • Maximos (Latin Greek)
  • Maksim (Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian, Macedonian)
  • Maxim (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian)
  • Maxime (French)
  • Massimo (Italian)
  • Maksym (Polish, Ukrainian)
  • Máximo (Spanish)
  • Macsen (Welsh)
  • Maxen (Welsh)
  • Maximilian (Ancient Roman)
  • Maximillian (English)
  • Maximilianus (Ancient Roman)
  • Maximillus
  • Maximilien (French)
  • Massimiliano (Italian)
  • Maximiliano (Spanish, Portuguese)
  • Maksimilian (Russian)
  • Maksymilian (Polish)
  • Maxmilián (Czech)
  • Maximilián (Slovak)

 

Female forms:

  • Maxima (Ancient Roman)
  • Maximiliana (Ancient Roman)
  • Máxima (Spanish)
  • Massima (Italian)
  • Maximiliane (German)
  • Maximilienne (French)
  • Maxine (English)
  • Maxene (English)

Chika

Chika is a Japanese female name with a variety of meanings, from Japanese elements chi meaning: (thousand); (knowledge, wisdom); (scatter); (to know, wisdom); and ka meaning: (beautiful, good, excellent); (flower); (add, addition, increase); (permitted, allowed, licensed); (praise, auspicious); (summer); (congratulate, greet, celebrate); (fragrance); (flower, splendor); (fruit); (song, poem); and other meanings. Chikako is another variant of the name ending with the ko (子) ending.

Chika is also an Igbo unisex name meaning “God is the greatest” or “God is supreme”.

Origin: Japanese, Western African (Igbo)

Variants:

  • Chikako (Japanese)

 

Hikaru

Hikaru is a Japanese unisex name meaning “light” with the kanji or “brightness” with the kanji. Because it’s a unisex name, some kanji characters are used specifically for females while others are used for males only. Some kanji characters used for females are: 光佳留 “light + beautiful, good, excellent + to stay, to keep, to remain, to study abroad”; 光流 “light + to flow, current, flow, stream; to drift, to wander”; 光海 “light + sea, ocean”; 光留 “light + to stay, to keep, to remain, to study abroad”; 妃夏瑠 “a ruler’s wife, queen, empress + summer + precious stone, gem, lapis lazuli”; 妃華瑠 “a rulers wife, queen, empress + flower, splendor + precious stone, gem, lapis lazuli”; 妃香瑠 “a ruler’s wife, queen, empress + fragrance, fragrant + precious stone, gem, lapis lazuli”; while some kanji used for men are: 光琉 “light + precious stone, gem, lapis lazuli”; 太陽 “sun”; “clear”; and 流星 “to flow, current, flow, stream; to drift, to wander + star”; 弘明 “to spread, enlarge, expand, great + clear, tomorrow, bright”; and many more depending on the kanji.

Origin: Japanese

Nola

Nola is a short form of Finola, an Anglicized form of Fionnuala meaning “white shoulder” from Irish elements fionn (white, fair) and guala (shoulder). It could also be a nickname for Magnolia, a flower named after French botanist Pierre Magnol; the closest I could find about the name is that it might possibly be a diminutive of given name Magnus, a Latin name meaning “great”.

Nola could also be a feminine form of Nolan, itself derived from Irish surname Ó Nualláin meaning “descendant of Nuallán”, Nuallán meaning “noble, famous”.

Nola is also a town in Campania, Italy, and one that seems to have a long history. It was fought over for control by Hannibal and the Romans three times when the former invaded Italy and failed. I couldn’t find what the etymology behind the name is but it might have derived its name from Latin nola meaning “bell” since the first use of bells for Church services began there.

Origin: Irish, Latin

Variants:

  • Nuala (Irish)
  • Nolene (English)

 

Male forms:

  • Nolan (English, Irish)

 

May

May is the fifth month of the year in English. The name comes from Maiathe name of a Roman goddess of spring, derived from Latin maius meaning “great”. It’s also another name for the hawthorn flower.

May is also a surname though it comes from a different source, likely from Old English may meaning “male relative”, “young lad” and “maiden”. It could also have been derived from a pet form of given name Matthew meaning “gift of Yahweh”.

Origin: Latin, Old English

 

Variants:

  • Maye
  • Maia

 

April

April is the name of the fourth month of the year in English. Although the etymology behind it is unclear, it’s often been believed to be derived from Latin aperire meaning “to open” in reference to when the flowers and trees begin to bloom. The name has also been linked to Etruscan Apru, the Etruscan form of Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love, pleasure, and beauty. The first part of the name comes from Greek aphros (foam) in reference to her being born from the sea foam, while the second part is a little trickier; it could be linked to either *-odite (wanderer) or *-dite (bright, shine), the latter being linked to an epithet of the goddess of dawn, Eos. Other theories link it to being pre-Greek in origin.

Origin: Latin, Greek

Variants:

  • Avril (French)
  • Abril (Spanish, Catalan, Portuguese, Italian)