Mina

Mina is an Indian female name meaning “fish” in Sanskrit, as well as used as the Sanskrit term for the constellation Pisces; Minali is a variant of the name meaning “fish catcher”. It’s also a short form of Wilhelmina, the feminine form of Wilhelm, a German cognate of William meaning “wilfull protection” or “desiring protection” from Germanic elements wil (will, desire) and helm (helmet, protection). Mina is also a Japanese female name with various meanings depending on the kanji used, made up of Japanese elements mi 美 (beauty, beautiful), 未 (have not come, future), 実 (reality, truth); and na 奈 (apple tree, what),那 (what), 菜 (vegetables, greens), 和 (harmony), 愛 (love, affection); and likely other meanings.

Mina is also a Persian female name meaning “enamel, glaze” or “lapis lazuli”, as well as being the Pashto word for “love”, as well as also being the Arabic word for “port”. Mina is also a Korean female name written with Hangul (Korean alphabet) 미나 with various meanings depending on the hanja (Korean name for Chinese characters) used to write out the syllables. One such meaning for  (mi) is “beauty” (), “small” (), “not” (未), “rice” (米), “name of a mountain” (嵋), while 나 (na) means “I” in first person singular. Written with the hangul 민아 with various meanings depending on the hanja used 민 (min) “keen, sensitive” (敏), “jade” (珉), “jade” (), “heaven” (旻); and 아 (a): “elegant, neat, tidy” (雅), “good, beautiful” (娥), “oh, ah” (娥); and other meanings.

As well as being a female name, Mina is also an Egyptian Arabic male name which seems to come from Menes, the Greek form of an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh which seems to mean “He who endures” from Egyptian verb mnj and has also been linked to Memphis, the name of an ancient city in Egypt which is the Ancient Greek form of Egyptian Men-nefer meaning “enduring and beautiful” from mn (enduring) and nfr (beautiful). Menes, the first pharoah of Egypt who united Lower and Upper Egypt into one kingdom; his name is believed to have been an epithet rather than an actual name of a person long since forgotten.

Mina is also a surname as well as being a given name, derived from any place name called Mina, or from Portuguese and Spanish mina meaning “mine”, likely referring to a place where a mine was located. It could also be a variant form of Minas derived from Greek given name Menas from Menes, or from Arabic given name Minnah meanin “gift, charity, good deed”.

Origin: Sanskrit, German, Japanese, Persian, Korean, Ancient Egyptian

 

Variants:

  • Meena (Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Tamil)
  • Mi-na (Korean)
  • Mi-nah (Korean)
  • Minali (Indian, Hindi)

 

Vidya

Vidya is an Indian unisex name meaning “knowledge, science, learning”, “correct knowledge”, “clarity”, coming from the same root word as Veda from Sanskrit vetti (to know, to understand) from Proto-Indo-European root word *weyd (to see). It’s also one of the epithets of the Hindu goddess Sarasvati (also spelled Saraswati).

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Widya (Indonesian)

 

Shiva

Shiva is the Hindu god of destruction and transformation in Hindu mythology, and one of the principle gods in Hinduism along with Brahma and Vishnu, as well as being the husband of the mother goddess Parvati. His name comes from Sanskrit Śivá meaning “auspicious, benign, gracious, kind”. Shiva is also a Persian female name meaning “charming, eloquent”. In Judaism, Shiva is a week-long mourning period for a close relative derived from Hebrew shiv’áh meaning “seven”.

Origin: Sanskrit, Persian, Hebrew

Variants:

  • Sheeva (Indian, Persian, English)
  • Siva (Tamil, Indian, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam)

 

Ganesh

Ganesh is a variant form of Ganesha, an Indian male name meaning “lord of the hordes” composed from Sanskrit gana (horde, multitude) and isha (lord, ruler). In Hindu mythology, Ganesh is the name of the Hindu god of good fortune, wisdom, and of gates and beginnings. He is depicted as having the head of an elephant and the body of a man.

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Ganesha (Sanskrit)
  • Gaṇeśa (Sanskrit)
  • Ganesa
  • Ganapati
  • Vinayaka
  • Binayak

 

Aditi

Aditi is an Indian female name meaning “free, limitless, boundless, entire”, “freedom, security” or “have nothing to give” in Sanskrit. Aditi is also the name of the Mother Goddess in Hindu mythology, mother of all the gods and of the whole cosmos, as well as being the Goddess of divine wisdom.

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Adhiti (Indian)