Sanjay

Sanjay is an Indian male name, the modern form of Sanjaya meaning “victorious, triumphant” in Sanskrit. In the Hindu epic poem, the Mahabharata, Sanjaya features as a charioteer who has the gift of divine sight.

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Sanjaya (Hinduism)
  • Sunjay

 

Vikram

Vikram is an Indian male name, the modern form of Vikrama meaning “stride, pace” (in reference to someone who undertakes purposeful action) or “valor” in Sanskrit, referring to one who is wise, brave, and strong as well as victorious. It was used as another name for Hindu god Vishnu, the protector and preserver of the universe. Vikramaditya is the name of a legendary emperor in ancient India, also known as Vikrama. His name means “sun of valor”, combining the names Vikram (valor) and aditya (sun).

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Vikrama (Indian)

 

Ravi

Ravi is an Indian male name meaning “sun” in Sanskrit as well as also being a synonym with Surya which also means “sun” in Sanskrit. In Hindu myth, Surya is the god of sun and Ravi is one of many names he is known by.

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Rabi (Bengali)

 

Mythili

Mythili is an Indian female name likely meaning “princess of Mithila”, Mithila being the name of a kingdom in which she was found. Mithila seems to mean “soil”. It was an epithet of Sita, the name of a Hindu goddess in the Rigveda as well as also being the name of the wife of Rama (who was the avatar of the god Vishnu), who was also the avatar of the goddess Lakshmi (who was the goddess of wealth and wife of Vishnu). Sita was found abandoned as a baby in a furrow, which is why she is referred to as the daughter of the mother goddess Bhumi-Devi, and was adopted by King Janaka of Mithila. Siva and Rama’s story is told in the Ramayana, an ancient Indian epic poem about Rama and wife Siva, who is abducted by the demon king Ravana, and she represents the ideal virtues and qualities a woman should have.

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Mythily
  • Maithili

 

Varun

Varun is an Indian male name, a variant of Varuna, the name of an ancient Hindu god, one of the oldest in Hindu myth, who was the supreme leader of the cosmos, god of the sky, rain, celestial ocean, a well as keeper of the law and the underworld, responsible for the moral laws of the universe. He could see what people would do with his thousand eyes, and give out the appropriate punishment to those who sinned. His name is possibly related to Sanskrit root vr meaning “to envelop, to surround” likely in reference to the fact that Varuna had domain over the world. It may be related to Proto-Indo-European root *wer or *wel meaning “to cover”. Varuna’s importance eventually diminished as Indra and other gods became more important, his dominion limited and restricted to celestial waters instead of the entire world, later becoming more of an underworld deity who kept the souls of those who drowned and could give out immortality.

Origin: Sanskrit, Proto-Indo-European

Variants:

  • Varuna (Hindu)
  • Baruna (Malay)

 

Female forms:

  • Varuni

 

Rita

Rita is a short form of Margarita, the Latinate form of Margaret which comes from Ancient Greek margarítēs meaning “pearl” ultimately derived from Sanskrit manyari. I’ve also seen it listed as also being an Indian female name, derived from Sanskrit rit meaning “true, enlightened, luminous, brave, honest” .

Rita is also a Japanese female name with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used, such as 理多 “reason + abundance, many”, 莉多 “jasmine + abundance, many”, and other meanings depending on the kanji used.

Origin: Sanskrit, Japanese

Variants:

  • Margarita (Spanish, Russian, Bulgarian, Lithuanian, Late Roman)
  • Margherita (Italian)

 

Gita

Gita is an Indian female name meaning “song” from Sanskrit gītā (song). The Bhagavad Gita (the divine song) is a Hindu epic poem in which the god Krishna and the prince Arjuna have a philosophical dialogue about the righteousness of battle against friends and family (Arjuna is about to battle his own cousin). 

Origin: Sanskrit

Variants:

  • Geet (Hindi, Urdu)

 

Mina

Mina is an Indian female name meaning “fish” in Sanskrit, as well as used as the Sanskrit term for the constellation Pisces; Minali is a variant of the name meaning “fish catcher”. It’s also a short form of Wilhelmina, the feminine form of Wilhelm, a German cognate of William meaning “wilfull protection” or “desiring protection” from Germanic elements wil (will, desire) and helm (helmet, protection). Mina is also a Japanese female name with various meanings depending on the kanji used, made up of Japanese elements mi 美 (beauty, beautiful), 未 (have not come, future), 実 (reality, truth); and na 奈 (apple tree, what),那 (what), 菜 (vegetables, greens), 和 (harmony), 愛 (love, affection); and likely other meanings.

Mina is also a Persian female name meaning “enamel, glaze” or “lapis lazuli”, as well as being the Pashto word for “love”, as well as also being the Arabic word for “port”. Mina is also a Korean female name written with Hangul (Korean alphabet) 미나 with various meanings depending on the hanja (Korean name for Chinese characters) used to write out the syllables. One such meaning for  (mi) is “beauty” (), “small” (), “not” (未), “rice” (米), “name of a mountain” (嵋), while 나 (na) means “I” in first person singular. Written with the hangul 민아 with various meanings depending on the hanja used 민 (min) “keen, sensitive” (敏), “jade” (珉), “jade” (), “heaven” (旻); and 아 (a): “elegant, neat, tidy” (雅), “good, beautiful” (娥), “oh, ah” (娥); and other meanings.

As well as being a female name, Mina is also an Egyptian Arabic male name which seems to come from Menes, the Greek form of an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh which seems to mean “He who endures” from Egyptian verb mnj and has also been linked to Memphis, the name of an ancient city in Egypt which is the Ancient Greek form of Egyptian Men-nefer meaning “enduring and beautiful” from mn (enduring) and nfr (beautiful). Menes, the first pharoah of Egypt who united Lower and Upper Egypt into one kingdom; his name is believed to have been an epithet rather than an actual name of a person long since forgotten.

Mina is also a surname as well as being a given name, derived from any place name called Mina, or from Portuguese and Spanish mina meaning “mine”, likely referring to a place where a mine was located. It could also be a variant form of Minas derived from Greek given name Menas from Menes, or from Arabic given name Minnah meanin “gift, charity, good deed”.

Origin: Sanskrit, German, Japanese, Persian, Korean, Ancient Egyptian

 

Variants:

  • Meena (Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Tamil)
  • Mi-na (Korean)
  • Mi-nah (Korean)
  • Minali (Indian, Hindi)