Olivine

Olivine is the name of a gemstone named for its olive-green color. It comes from Latin oliva meaning “olive (tree)” or “olive (fruit)” via Ancient Greek elaia (olive tree). Peridot is a type of olivine.

Origin: Ancient Greek

 

Variants:

  • Olivina

 

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Olin

Olin is a unisex name, a feminine form of Oline from Scandinavian male name Ole, the Danish and Norwegian masculine form of Olaf which comes from Old Norse Áleifr meaning “ancestor’s descendant” from Old Norse elements anu (ancestor) and leifr (descendant). Olin could also be the male form of Olina which also comes from the same source as Oline. Spelled Olenit’s the Russian word for “deer” as well as also possibly being a variat of Middle English holin, the word for holly.

As a surname, Olin could be from Germanic element odal meaning “heritage, fatherland”.

Origin: Old Norse, Russian, Middle English, Germanic

Female forms:

  • Oline (Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Finnish, Greenlandic)
  • Olina (Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Greenlandic, Finnish)

 

Male forms:

  • Ole (Danish, Norwegian)
  • Olaf (Danish, Norwegian, German, Dutch, Polish)
  • Olen

 

Ophelia

Ophelia was first coined in 1504 by Italian poet Jacobo Sannazaro for his poem Arcadia though it’s famously connected to William Shakespeare’s character in Hamlet although whether Shakespeare was inspired by Sannazaro or came up with it himself independently isn’t clear. The name was inspired from Greek ōphéleia (ὠφέλειᾰ) meaning “help, aid, succor” though it could also be related to Greek óphelos (ὄφελοςmeaning “profit, advantage, benefit” especially one made in war. The name may also have been based on the masculine name Ophellas, the name of a Macedonian soldier who served with Alexander the Great and was later the governor of the city of Cyrene acting under the rule of Ptolemy I, and it seems likely that the name is based on the Greek meanings though I couldn’t find anything online to confirm it.

Origin: Greek

Variants:

  • Ophélie (French)
  • Ofelia (Spanish, Italian)
  • Ofélia (Portuguese)
  • Ophela
  • Ephelia

 

Male forms:

  • Ophelio
  • Ofelio
  • Ophelas
  • Ophellas

 

Onika

Onika is an African female name though there doesn’t seem to be a lot of accurate information on it. I’ve seen it with various meanings of “warrior”, or it could be derived from Yoruba meaning “one in possession of”, or it could be a short form of Onyekachi, an Igbo name meaning “who is greater than God?” Onika is also a Maori word meaning “onyx”. Spelled Oni-ka (鬼化) it’s a Japanese word meaning “devil”.

Origin: African, Maori, Japanese

Variants:

  • Oneika
  • Onyeka (short form of Onyekachi)

 

Orlanda

Orlanda is the feminine form of Orlandoitself the Italian form of Roland, a Germanic male name meaning “famous land” or “fame land” composed from Germanic elements hrod (fame) and land (land) though it’s possible that the second part of the name may derived from nand meaning “brave, daring”

Origin: Germanic

Female variants:

  • Rolande (French)

 

Male forms:

  • Orlando (Italian)
  • Rolando (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)

 

Olivia

Olivia is a female given name first used by Shakespeare for a character in his play Twelfth Night (1602). He could have based it from Latin Oliva meaning “olive” or he could have based as a feminine form of Oliver, which either derives from Germanic name Alfher from Old Norse Alvar meaning “elf warrior” or “elf army”; or it could be from Old Norse Olaf meaning “ancestor’s descendant”.

Origin: Latin, Old Norse

Variants:

  • Olyvia (English)
  • Alivia (English)
  • Olivie (French, Czech)
  • Olívia (Hungarian, Portuguese, Slovak)
  • Oliwia (Polish)
  • Ólivía (Icelandic)
  • Oliva (Latin)

 

Male forms:

  • Oliver

Opal

Opal is the name of a gemstone, the English form of Greek opallios which is derived from Sanskrit upala meaning “gem, stone”. Opals are the birthstone of October. The Romans considered them as a symbol of hope, purity, and good fortune and were thought to have healing powers. According to the ancient Greeks, they believed opals were formed from the tears of the god Zeus and believed that it gave one the gift of prophecy and foresight. In ancient India, the opal was thought to represent the Goddess of Rainbow who turned herself into an opal to avoid the advances of the other gods. Arab lore held that the opal had falen from the sky with lightning trapped inside it, and that it could make the wearer invisible. The Aborigines of Australia considered the opal sacred; according to their mythology, the creator spirit came down to earth on a rainbow and when it touched the ground, it turned the rocks to opals.

However, despite their positive associations, opals also took on an unfortunate property and were considered to be bad luck.

Origin: Sanskrit

Oksana

Oksana is the Ukrainian form of Xenia, a Greek female name meaning “hospitality’ derived from Greek xenos (foreigner, guest). In ancient Greece, xenia was the Greek concept of hospitality towards strangers or friends. It was even an important aspect to the Greek gods, one of the epithets accorded to the god Zeus being Zeus Xenios, the protector of guests and the patron of hospitality who will avenge any wrongdoing done to guests by their hosts.

Origin: Greek

 

Variants:

  • Xenia (Ancient Greek)
  • Zenia (English form of Xenia)
  • Oxana (Russian, Ukrainian)
  • Kseniya (Russian)
  • Aksinya (Russian)
  • Ksenija (Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene)
  • Senja (Finnish)
  • Ksenia (Polish)