Rico is the Spanish short form of Ricardo, the Spanish and Portuguese form of Richard meaning “brave ruler” or “strong ruler” from Germanic elements ric (power, ruler) and hard (brave, hardy). It’s also the Italian short form of Enrico, the Italian form of Henry which means “home ruler” from Germanic elements heim (home) and ric (power, ruler). Rico is also a surname derived from the Old Portuguese word rico meaning “rich” likely referring to someone whow as rich or powerful; the word comes from Gothic reiks (mighty, powerful) via Proto-Germanic *rīks (kingly, royal; mighty, powerful; rich).

Origin: Germanic






Rufus comes from an Ancient Roman cognomen meaning “red, ruddy, red-haired”, originally a nickname for someone who had red hair. It comes from Latin rufus derived from the Proto-Indo-European root word *h₁rewdʰ- (red). Rufus is also a surname originating from the given name.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European.


  • Rufinus (Ancient Roman)
  • Rufino (Italian, Spanish, Portuguese)
  • Rufius (Ancient Roman)
  • Rufio (Ancient Roman)


Female forms:

  • Rufina (Ancient Roman, Spanish, Russian)
  • Rufia (English)



Ruth is a Hebrew female name of uncertain origin though the most popular theory is that it is linked to Hebrew re’ut meaning “companion” or “friend”, though other possible theories include: “refreshment”, “appearance, beauty”, and “pasture”. Ruth may also be related to Middle English word ruthe or reuth meaning “pity, compassion”, “sorrow, grief” derived from Old Norse hryggð (sorrow, grief). Ruth is also a Limburgish short form of Rutger, the Dutch form of Roger meaning “famous spear” from Germanic elements hrod (fame) and ger (spear). Ruth is also a surname.

Origin: Hebrew, Old Norse, Germanic


  • Ruthie (English)
  • Rut (Swedish, Spanish, Icelandic, Hebrew)
  • Routh (Greek)
  • Ruut (Finnish)
  • Rūta (Lithuanian)
  • Ruta (Polish)
  • Rute (Portuguese)
  • Ruf (Russian)



Ronald is the Scottish form of Ragnvaldr, an Old Norse name meaning “powerful advice” or “counsel ruler” from Old Norse elements regin (advice, counsel) and valdr (power, ruler, leader) and a cogante of Germanic name Reynold. Ronald is also a surname derived from the given name.

Nicknames: Ron, Ronny/Ronnie

Origin: Old Norse


  • Raghnall (Irish, Scottish) pr. raynel
  • Ranald (Scottish form of Reynold)R
  • Ragnvaldr (Ancient Scandinavian)
  • Ragnvald (Danish, Norwegian, Swedish)
  • Raginald (Ancient Germanic form of Reynold)
  • Reinald (Ancient Germanic form of Reynold)
  • Reinhold (Ancient Germanic form & German form of Reynold)
  • Reinoud (Dutch cogante of Reynold)
  • Reinout (Dutch cognate of Reynold)
  • Reino (Finnish form of Reynold)
  • Renaud (French form of Reynold)
  • Reynaud (French form of Reynold)
  • Rinaldo (Italian form of Reynold)
  • Reinaldo (Spanish & Portuguese form of Reynold)
  • Reynaldo (Spanish & Portuguese form of Reynold)
  • Ronaldo (Portuguese form of Ronald)
  • Rheinallt (Welsh form of Reynold)
  • Reginald (Latinized form of Reynold)
  • Reginaldus (Latinized form of Reynold)


Female forms:

  • Ronalda (Scottish)
  • Ronnette (English)
  • Ronette (English)



Rosaire is a French male name meaning “rosary” as well as also the French word for rosary. It comes from Latin rosarium meaning “rose garden” from rosa (rose) and arium (place for). It seems to have been very rare as a given name, and in spite of being a French male name Rosaire also seems to have some use as a feminine name as well.

Origin: Latin


  • Rosario (Spanish, Italian) u
  • Rosaria (Italian) f
  • Rosário (Portuguese)
  • Roser (Catalan) f



Rogan comes from an Irish surname, Ó Ruadhagáin, meaning “descendant of Ruadhagan”, Ruadhagan being a diminutive of ruadh meaning “red, redheaded”, which comes from Proto-Celtic *roudos (red) via Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red).

Origin: Proto-Indo-European



Richard is a male name made up of Germanic elements ric (power, rule) and hard (brave, hardy) essentially meaning “strong ruler” or “brave ruler”. Shakespeare wrote two history plays based on King Richard II and King Richard III. Richard is also a surname originating from the given name.

Nicknames: Richie, Ricky/Rickie, Dick, Dickie/Dicky, Rich

Origin: Ancient Germanic


  • Ricohard (Ancient Germanic)
  • Ricard (Catalan)
  • Rikard (Danish, Swedish, Norwegian)
  • Rikhard (Finnish)
  • Riku (Finnish diminutive of Rikhard)
  • Richárd (Hungarian)
  • Risteárd (Irish)
  • Riccardo (Italian)
  • Rihards (Latvian)
  • Ričards (Latvian)
  • Ričardas (Lithuanian)
  • Dicun (Medieval English diminutive of Dick)
  • Ryszard (Polish)
  • Ricardo (Spanish, Portuguese)
  • Rico (Spanish short form of Ricardo)
  • Rihard (Slovene)
  • Rhisiart (Welsh)


Female forms:

  • Ricarda (Spanish, German)
  • Riccarda (Italian)
  • Richelle (English)
  • Richardine (English)
  • Rikki (English)



Romeo is the Italian form of Late Latin Romaeus which comes from Greek rhomaios meaning “Roman”, used in reference to a pilgrim traveling to Rome or someone who was a former citizen of Rome. Probably the most famous bearer of this name is Romeo Montague from William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. It’s also a surname that originally referred to someone who came from Rome or who had made a pilgramage to Rome.

Origin: Greek


  • Romaeus (Late Latin)
  • Romanus (Late Latin)
  • Romano (Italian)
  • Romolo (Italian)
  • Roman (Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian, Slovene, Croatian, German)
  • Roma (Russian diminutive of Roman)
  • Romain (French)
  • Román (Spanish, Hungarian)
  • Romà (Catalan)
  • Romão (Portuguese)
  • Romulus (Latin)


Female forms:

  • Romana (Italian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Late Roman)
  • Romola (Italian)
  • Romaine (French)
  • Romane (French)
  • Romayne (English)
  • Romána (Hungarian)



Rayne seems to be a variant spelling of Rain on the surface which comes from Old English regn (rain) which might possibly come from Proto-Indo-European *hreg- meaning “moist, wet”. It could also be derived from Germanic element ragin meaning “counsel” and used as a short form of names beginning with the element such as Raymond or Rainer (meaning “advice army”). Rayne could also be a medieval female name derived from Old French reine meaning “queen” from Latin regina; it could also be derived from Old French raine meaning “frog”, derived from Latin rana, as well as also coming from a Scottish place name in Aberdeenshire meaning “strip of land”. Rayne is also a surname.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European, Germanic, Latin, Gaelic


  • Raine (English, Germanic)
  • Rain (English)
  • Reine (French) f
  • Rayna
  • Reina



Rie (pr. ree-eh in Japanese; Forvo) is a Japanese female name with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used. Some possible meanings are: 理恵 “logic, reason + favor, blessing, grace, kindness”; 利恵 “profit, advantage, benefit + favor, blessing, grace, kindness”; 梨絵 “pear tree + picture, painting, drawing, sketch”; 理江 “logic, reason + inlet, bay, creek”; 理絵 “logic, reason +picture, painting, drawing, sketch”; 里枝 “village, hometown + bough, branch limb, twig”; 梨恵 “pear tree + favor, blessing, grace, kindness”; 里依 “village, hometown + reliant, depend on, consequently, therefore, due to”. There are likely other meanings depending on the kanji used.

Rie is also a Dutch female name (pr. rhee), used as a nickname for Hendrika, the feminine form of Hendrik, the Dutch and Estonian form of Henry which comes from a Germanic name meaning “home ruler”; and Marie, which comes from Maria, the Latin form of Hebrew name Miriam, a name of unknown meaning though possible meanings ascribed to it are “sea of bitterness”, “rebelliousness” or “obstinacy”, and “wished for child”. It’s also possible that it might be derived from an Egyptian name either meaning “beloved” from myr, or from mr “love”. Rie has also been used as a male nickname for Henri, the French male form of Henry.

Spelled ríe, it’s the Spanish verb of ríer meaning “to laugh” which comes from Latin rīdēre (to laugh).

Origin: Japanese, Ancient Germanic, Hebrew, Ancient Egyptian, Latin