Ruth

Ruth is a Hebrew female name of uncertain origin though the most popular theory is that it is linked to Hebrew re’ut meaning “companion” or “friend”, though other possible theories include: “refreshment”, “appearance, beauty”, and “pasture”. Ruth may also be related to Middle English word ruthe or reuth meaning “pity, compassion”, “sorrow, grief” derived from Old Norse hryggð (sorrow, grief). Ruth is also a Limburgish short form of Rutger, the Dutch form of Roger meaning “famous spear” from Germanic elements hrod (fame) and ger (spear). Ruth is also a surname.

Origin: Hebrew, Old Norse, Germanic

Variants:

  • Ruthie (English)
  • Rut (Swedish, Spanish, Icelandic, Hebrew)
  • Routh (Greek)
  • Ruut (Finnish)
  • Rūta (Lithuanian)
  • Ruta (Polish)
  • Rute (Portuguese)
  • Ruf (Russian)

 

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Rosaire

Rosaire is a French male name meaning “rosary” as well as also the French word for rosary. It comes from Latin rosarium meaning “rose garden” from rosa (rose) and arium (place for). It seems to have been very rare as a given name, and in spite of being a French male name Rosaire also seems to have some use as a feminine name as well.

Origin: Latin

Variants:

  • Rosario (Spanish, Italian) u
  • Rosaria (Italian) f
  • Rosário (Portuguese)
  • Roser (Catalan) f

 

Rayne

Rayne seems to be a variant spelling of Rain on the surface which comes from Old English regn (rain) which might possibly come from Proto-Indo-European *hreg- meaning “moist, wet”. It could also be derived from Germanic element ragin meaning “counsel” and used as a short form of names beginning with the element such as Raymond or Rainer (meaning “advice army”). Rayne could also be a medieval female name derived from Old French reine meaning “queen” from Latin regina; it could also be derived from Old French raine meaning “frog”, derived from Latin rana, as well as also coming from a Scottish place name in Aberdeenshire meaning “strip of land”. Rayne is also a surname.

Origin: Proto-Indo-European, Germanic, Latin, Gaelic

Variants:

  • Raine (English, Germanic)
  • Rain (English)
  • Reine (French) f
  • Rayna
  • Reina

 

Rie

Rie (pr. ree-eh in Japanese; Forvo) is a Japanese female name with a variety of meanings depending on the kanji used. Some possible meanings are: 理恵 “logic, reason + favor, blessing, grace, kindness”; 利恵 “profit, advantage, benefit + favor, blessing, grace, kindness”; 梨絵 “pear tree + picture, painting, drawing, sketch”; 理江 “logic, reason + inlet, bay, creek”; 理絵 “logic, reason +picture, painting, drawing, sketch”; 里枝 “village, hometown + bough, branch limb, twig”; 梨恵 “pear tree + favor, blessing, grace, kindness”; 里依 “village, hometown + reliant, depend on, consequently, therefore, due to”. There are likely other meanings depending on the kanji used.

Rie is also a Dutch female name (pr. rhee), used as a nickname for Hendrika, the feminine form of Hendrik, the Dutch and Estonian form of Henry which comes from a Germanic name meaning “home ruler”; and Marie, which comes from Maria, the Latin form of Hebrew name Miriam, a name of unknown meaning though possible meanings ascribed to it are “sea of bitterness”, “rebelliousness” or “obstinacy”, and “wished for child”. It’s also possible that it might be derived from an Egyptian name either meaning “beloved” from myr, or from mr “love”. Rie has also been used as a male nickname for Henri, the French male form of Henry.

Spelled ríe, it’s the Spanish verb of ríer meaning “to laugh” which comes from Latin rīdēre (to laugh).

Origin: Japanese, Ancient Germanic, Hebrew, Ancient Egyptian, Latin

 

 

Roma

Roma is the Latin name for the city of Rome, a name of uncertain etymology though the name’s origins have often been linked to its founder, Romulus, meaning “of Rome”. However, it’s likely that Romulus may have derived his name from the city and other theories regarding Rome’s meaning are: it might be from Greek rhōmē meaning “strength” or “might”; rheo or Latin ruo meaning “flow”; or from Etruscan ruma from the root word for “teat”, either in reference to the wolf that took in and suckled the infants Romulus and Remus in Roman mythology, or so named for the shape of the Palatine and Aventine hills.

Roma is also the Russian diminutive of Roman which comes from Latin Romanus meaning “Roman”, referring to a citizen of Rome, as well as also used to refer to the Roman goddess or personification of the ancient city of Rome in Roman mythology.

Origin: Uncertain, possibly Greek or Etruscan

Variants:

  • Roman (Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian, Slovene, Croatian, German)
  • Romanus (Latin)
  • Romanos (Latin, Greek)
  • Romain (French)
  • Romano (Italian)
  • Romeo (Italian)
  • Romolo (Italian form of Romulus)
  • Romaeus (Latin form of Romeo)
  • Romà (Catalan)
  • Román (Hungarian, Spanish)
  • Romão (Portuguese)

 

Female forms:

  • Romana (Italian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Late Roman)
  • Romola (Italian feminine form of Romulus)
  • Romaine (French, English)
  • Romane (French)
  • Romayne (English)
  • Romána (Hungarian)

 

Rei

Rei (pr. ray) is a Japanese unisex name though it seems to be more popular for women. Some meanings depending on the kanji are: 玲 “exquisite, clever, sound of jade”; 礼威 “reverence + dominate, intimidate, power”; 礼 (reverence, etiquette, bow); 霊 (soul, spirit, ghost); 玲生 “exquisite, clever, sound of jade + life, existence, being”; 礼唯 “reverence + only, sole, alone”; 零 (zero); 麗 (lovely, elegance, beauty); 例 (example, instance); 令 (order, command); 怜 (to know, wise); 鈴 (bell, chime); 嶺 (peak, summit); 黎 (black, dark, gloomy, many); 澪 (waterway, channel, wake “of a ship”); 励 (strive, encourage); and many more depending on the kanji used. Other variants of the name include Reiko, with the (ko) meaning “child”, only used for females; Reika, also used for females with the (ka) ending meaning 香 “fragrance” and 花 “flower”; and Reiki, a unisex name with the (ki) ending meaning 樹 “tree”; 輝 “radiance, brilliance, splendor”; and likely various other meanings.

Origin: Japanese

Variants:

  • Reiko (f)
  • Reika (f)
  • Reiki (u)

 

Reilly, Riley

 

Reilly comes from an Irish surname, the Anglicized form of Gaelic surname  Ó Raghallaigh meaning “descendent of Raghailleach”, the latter a name of unknown meaning. Although Riley is another spelling of name, it also has a different source, from an English place name meaning “rye clearing” composed of Old English elements ryge (rye) and leah (clearing, meadow).

Origin: Gaelic, Old English

Variants:

  • Ryley
  • Rylee
  • Ryleigh
  • Rylie

 

Rylan

Rylan is a variant form of Ryland, an English surname meaning “rye clearing” or “rye land” from Old English ryge (rye) and land (land), likely a place name referring to someone who lived near one.

Origin: Old English

Variants:

  • Ryland

 

Ruby

Ruby is the name of a red-colored to pinkish gemstone. The name comes from Latin rubeus meaning “red”. Though the name is traditionally a girl’s name, it has been used for boys in the past, which is why I’m listing it as a unisex name.

Ruby could also be a nickname for Rueben, a male Hebrew name meaning “behold, a son”.

Origin: Latin

Female forms:

  • Rubina (Italian)
  • Rubee (English)
  • Rubi (English)

 

Male forms:

  • Rubeus (Latin)

 

Rudy

Rudy is a dimiutive of Rudolf or its feminine form Rudolfa, which comes from Germanic Hrodulf meaning “famous wolf” from Germanic elements hrod (fame) and wulf (wolf).

Origin: Germanic

Male variants:

  • Rudi (German, Hungarian)
  • Rudolf (German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Polish, Danish, Czech, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Russian, Armenian)
  • Rudolph (English)
  • Rodolph (English, French)
  • Rodolfo (Spanish, Portuguese, Italian)
  • Rolf (German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English)
  • Rolph (English)
  • Roul (Norman French)

 

Female forms:

  • Rudolfa
  • Rudolpha (English)