Pan

Pan is the name of a Greek god of the wild, nature, shepherds, and flocks, depicted as a man with the horns, legs, and tail of a goat, and who often played the pan-pipes. His name is somewhat tricky to pin down- it may be related to Greek pan meaning “all”; it could mean “shepherd” or it may come from an old Arcadian word for “rustic”, since Pan’s homeland was Arcadia. However, it’s believed that Pan is a cognate of Pushan, a Hindu god, in charge of the nourishment and protection of cattle; both their names may be from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to protect, to shepherd). Pan is also a short form of names like Pandora or any name beginning with Pan.

Pan is also a Chinese surname, also common in Korean and Vietnamese, meaning “water in which rice has been rinsed” from the character , though there may be other meanings depending on the character; it’s also a Spanish and Occitan surname meaning “bread” from Latin panis (bread), an occupational name for a baker or a pantryman, as well as a Polish, Ukrainian, and Yiddish surname meaning “lord; master; landowner” from a Slavic word.

Origin: Greek, Proto-Indo-European, Chinese, Latin, Slavic

 

 

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Marta

Marta is a cognate of Martha, which comes from Aramaic meaning “lady, mistress”, the feminine form of mar/mara (lord, master).

Origin: Aramaic

Variants:

  • Martha (English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, German, Greek)
  • Martta (Finnish)
  • Marthe (French, Norwegian)
  • Marte (Norwegian)
  • Márta (Hungarian)
  • Morta (Lithuanian)
  • Maata (Maori)
  • Marfa (Russian)

 

Rico

Rico is the Spanish short form of Ricardo, the Spanish and Portuguese form of Richard meaning “brave ruler” or “strong ruler” from Germanic elements ric (power, ruler) and hard (brave, hardy). It’s also the Italian short form of Enrico, the Italian form of Henry which means “home ruler” from Germanic elements heim (home) and ric (power, ruler). Rico is also a surname derived from the Old Portuguese word rico meaning “rich” likely referring to someone whow as rich or powerful; the word comes from Gothic reiks (mighty, powerful) via Proto-Germanic *rīks (kingly, royal; mighty, powerful; rich).

Origin: Germanic

 

 

 

Dario

Dario is the Italian and Croatian form of Darius, the Roman form of Greek Dareios which ultimately comes from Persian Dārayavahush meaning “to possess excellence” or “he who holds firm to good” from dâraya (to possess, to hold) and vahu (good). Dario is also a surname originating from the given name.

Origin: Persian

Variants:

  • Dário (Portuguese)
  • Darío (Spanish)
  • Darius (English, Lithuanian, Romanian)
  • Dareios (Ancient Greek)
  • Darayavahush (Old Persian)
  • Daryawesh (Biblical Hebrew)
  • Darijus (Lithuanian)
  • Dariush (Persian)
  • Daryush (Persian)
  • Dariusz (Polish)

 

Female forms:

  • Daria (Italian, Polish, Romanian, Croatian, Late Greek, English)
  • Dareia (Late Greek)
  • Darija (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene)
  • Darya (Russian, Belarusian)
  • Darja (Slovene, Czech)
  • Tarja (Finnish)
  • Dariya (Ukrainian)
  • Odarka (Ukrainian)

 

Ruth

Ruth is a Hebrew female name of uncertain origin though the most popular theory is that it is linked to Hebrew re’ut meaning “companion” or “friend”, though other possible theories include: “refreshment”, “appearance, beauty”, and “pasture”. Ruth may also be related to Middle English word ruthe or reuth meaning “pity, compassion”, “sorrow, grief” derived from Old Norse hryggð (sorrow, grief). Ruth is also a Limburgish short form of Rutger, the Dutch form of Roger meaning “famous spear” from Germanic elements hrod (fame) and ger (spear). Ruth is also a surname.

Origin: Hebrew, Old Norse, Germanic

Variants:

  • Ruthie (English)
  • Rut (Swedish, Spanish, Icelandic, Hebrew)
  • Routh (Greek)
  • Ruut (Finnish)
  • Rūta (Lithuanian)
  • Ruta (Polish)
  • Rute (Portuguese)
  • Ruf (Russian)

 

Cadrian

Cadrian seems to be a modern English name, either an elaborated form of Cade, which has a variety of meanings and origins such as:

  • being an English surname derived from a metonymic occupational surname for a cooper (someone who made and repaired barrels) which comes from Old French cade (cask, barrel);
  • it could also be from a Medieval English given name, Cada, which comes from a Germanic root word meaning “lump” or “swelling”;
  • it may also be related to Middle English cade referring to a pet or domestic animal that has been abandoned by its mother and reared by hand. The word itself comes from an unknown origin. As a surname it seems to have originated as a nickname for a gentle or inoffensive person;
  • Cade is also another name for the Juniperus oxycedrus (also known as prickly juniper or cade juniper ( from French genévrier cade);
  • Cade is also the Italian third-person singular present meaning “fall” from Latin cadere (fall).

It’s also possible that Cadrian is another form of Adrian, which comes from Latin Hadrian derived from Roman cognomen Hadrianus meaning “from Hadria” or “from Adria”, Adria being another form of the name. It referred to someone who came from the town of Hadria/Adria situated in Northern Italy. The Adriatic sea received its name from the town. Though the origin behind the name is uncertain, it could be from Illyrian adur meaning “water, sea” though it could also be from Latin atra, a neuter of atrum meaning “black city”, which comes from Proto-Indo-European root *ater (fire).

Cadrian also seems to have some use as a surname although

Origin: Old French, Germanic, Middle English, Latin, Illyrian, Proto-Indo-European

Variants:

  • Cadrien (English)
  • Adrian (English)
  • Cade (English)
  • Cadrienne (English) f
  • Cadrianne (English) f

 

Irene

Irene comes from Greek Eirene meaning “peace”. In Greek mythology, Eirene is the Greek goddess of peace and the season of the spring, and is one of the Horae/Horai, goddessess of the season and later became assocoiated with order and justice. Although Irene is often pronounced eye-reen in the English-speaking world, it’s also pronounced eye-reen-ee or er-re-ne.

Origin: Ancient Greek

Variants:

  • Eirene (Ancient Greek)
  • Irena (Polish, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Dutch, Lithuanian)
  • Irina (Russian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Finnish, Georgian)
  • Arina (Russian)
  • Irine (Georgian)
  • Iria (Portuguese, Galician)
  • Irenka (Czech and Polish diminutive of Irena)
  • Irène (French)
  • Eirini (Greek)
  • Irini (Modern Greek)
  • Irén (Hungarian)
  • Eireen (Irish)

 

Bellalune

Bellalune is a combination of two names: Bella, which means “beautiful” in Italian and Spanish which comes from Latin bellus (beautiful, pretty, handsome), though it could also be a short form of names like Isabella (the Latinate form of Elizabeth which comes from Hebrew meaning “my God is an oath” or “my God is abundance”) or Arabella (a medieval Scottish name which is either a variant of Amabel meaning “lovable” in Latin or perhaps related to Latin Orabilis or Orabilia meaning invokable”); combined with Lune, the French word for “moon” which is also derived from Latin luna.

Origin: Latin, Hebrew

Variants:

  • Bellelune
  • Bellaluna

 

Montana

Montana is the name of a state in the United States which comes from the Spanish word

montaña which comes from Latin montanus meaning “mountainous”. Montana is also a surname derived from the given name.

Nicknames: Monty/Monte

Origin: Latin

Variants:

  • Montanna (English)
  • Montaña (Spanish)